The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

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The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; just sharing something I found...............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

July 1941:

July 25, 1941: administrative constitution of the Aviazone Command of the CSIR, under the orders of Colonel Carlo Drago. Major Giovanni Borzoni commanded the XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia. The Order of Battle of Italian aviation Command in the Soviet Union (July 1941-May 1942) was as follows:

XXII° Gruppo autonomo Caccia: 359th, 362nd, 369th and 371st Squadrons with 51 (or 52) Macchi C.200, 3 Caproni Ca.133 and 2 SM81 transports

LXI° Gruppo autonomo Osservazione Aerea: 34th, 119th and 128th Squadrons with 32 Caproni Ca.311 and 1 SM81 (1)

245th and 246th Transport Squadrons with 10 and 6 SM81 respectively

(1): The 61° Gruppo OA apparently used 3 Caproni Ca 164 as liaison, as well as two German-made Fieseler Fi 156 C-3 Storch.

August 1941:

August 9, 1941: XXII° Gruppo is transferred from Tirana to Belgrade. After resupplying, the Macchi take off again in formation in the rain to arrive at Baneasa, an airport near Bucharest, at 5:00 p.m. The patrol of the 3 HQ planes opens the way for the 4 columns of 12 aircraft of each Squadriglia.

August 12, 1941: The XXII° Gruppo is transferred to Tudora, near Odessa, on the border between Romania and Russia. Tudora is a Romanian city located in Botoșani County, Western Moldova region.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
Macchi C.200 Saetta aircraft of the 371st Squadriglia in Romania, during their transfer to the USSR....................
Macchi C.200 Saetta aircraft of the 371st Squadriglia in Romania, during their transfer to the USSR....................
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by Prosper Vandenbroucke »

Hello Raul,
Very good post Thanks to you
Kindly regards
Prosper :wink: :wink:
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; Thanks for your encouraging words Prosper :wink:; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

August 16, 1941: arrival of the 61st Gruppo OA at Tudora.

August 26, 1941: transfer to the Krivoj Rog base, in Russia, of the 22º Gruppo CT and the 34a Squadriglia of the 61º Gruppo. The rest of the 61º Gruppo landed there 5 days later.

August 27, 1941: first operational mission (and engagement) of the 22º Gruppo CT in Russia.

The Macchis of this Gruppo, during air cover by the Italian Pasubio division of the CSIR, engaged Soviet fighters and bombers over Dnepropetrovsk at 5:15 p.m. Six SB-2s and two I-16s are claimed to have been shot down, and two more SB-2s and two more I-16s are claimed as probably destroyed.

August 28, 1941: the 22º Gruppo CT suffers its first casualty. Sottotenente Mario Longoni of the 362a Squadriglia, returning from an operation over the Dnieper, was accidentally killed while trying to make a forced landing with his damaged aircraft.

The first Italian aviator to fall on Russian soil in 1941, during World War II, is buried in the Carate cemetery. On his tombstone it is written: "Lieutenant pilot Mario Longoni, heroically fallen on the Russian front." The lieutenant was born in Verano Brianza in May 1914. Mario Longoni from Verona, flew a Macchi C.200 and was part of the 362a Squadriglia of the 22º Gruppo stationed in Treviso in peacetime. In August 1941, after a risky war action, he returned to his air base located in Kriwoj-rog, Ukraine, on the Russian front. The officer crashed when he was near the landing strip and ended up in the Dnieper River. A few days earlier, his fighter group had shot down six Russian Tupolev twin-engine aircraft and two Russian Polikarpov I-16s, without suffering losses.

His first burial, which was celebrated with great honors, took place in the Chencea cemetery, near Bucharest. Only in 2009, thanks to the interest of General Umberto Razza, his body was brought back to Italy and buried in the Carate Brianza cemetery, where he and his family lived.

Sources:http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html
https://giovannitrovatotro.wixsite.com/ ... omi-pilota

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
Mario Longoni, Second Lieutenant, flew a Macchi C.200 and formed part of the 362a Squadriglia.........................
Mario Longoni, Second Lieutenant, flew a Macchi C.200 and formed part of the 362a Squadriglia.........................
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Macchi C.200 of the 362a Squadriglia in Krivoj Rog, in August 1941..............................................
Macchi C.200 of the 362a Squadriglia in Krivoj Rog, in August 1941..............................................
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

September 1941:

September 2, 1941: around 9 Macchis belonging, among others, to the 362nd and 371st Squadriglia, machine-gun Soviet troops on the Novomoskowsk - Dniepropetrovsk road. Very quickly, two Macchis C 200 are shot down by the AA defense of the column, that of Ten. Loris Nannini (*) of the 371st Squadriglia who is captured, and that of Sottotenente Carlo Marchetto of the 362nd Squadriglia who is killed. Shortly after, over the same area, the remaining Macchis were attacked by two Zveno of Soviet fighters, that is, 8 aircraft. (I do not know the results of this fight).

(*) September 2, epilogue of Carlo Marchetto's short career. The action in which Marchetto lost his life is recounted by Lieutenant Loris Nannini, who participated in the fatal operation, was also shot down by anti-aircraft fire but escaped death and was taken prisoner: "Coffee, milk and a slice of bread were breakfast on that morning of September 2, 1941, when the alarm sounded. Suddenly a non-commissioned officer ran in to warn us of the presence of a large formation of Soviet bombers, escorted by fighter planes, heading towards Dnepropetrovsk. With the other 8 pilots on duty in the alarm group, we ran out of the cabin towards the planes arranged in a row at one side of the field. The air was already resonating with the roar of the engines; in fact, by order of the commander of the Squadriglia, Captain Enrico Meille, the mechanics had rushed towards the machines and had begun to put them into operation... The squadron leader, Captain Meille, stood at the starting line on the track, immediately followed by the two numerals: me on the right and 2nd Lieutenant Carlo Marchetto on the left. At the same time as Marchetto, I bring the wing of my plane close to Meille's, which immediately accelerates the engine for takeoff...

The three units, each consisting of three planes arranged in a wedge, assume squadron formation on the right wing. There are not clouds; The morning air is calm, with the mist typical of that latitude. The altimeter reads 5,000 meters; The thin air muffles the engine noise. The orange rays of the morning sun rotate in the cabin and reflect at intervals on the instruments. We are in the Dnepropetrovsk vertical. Below us, the Dnieper River stretches majestically across a black land, moved in a succession of modest heights with rare trees and combed crops. Then the city, a large inhabited center of half a million inhabitants, all on the right bank of the river, with its shipyards, sawmills and metallurgical industries fed by the Donez coalfield. We have been patrolling for more than five minutes, without detecting any enemy aircraft..... The squadron leader interrupts the observation; We turn northeast towards Kharkov, descending to 3,000 meters above sea level. We cross the river leaving Dnepropetrovsk behind. We follow the road that goes from Dnepropetrovsk to Novomoskovsk.... We are still at 3,000 meters; The anemometer indicates a speed of 420 km/h. We flew in a squadron over the city of Novomoskovsk. Suddenly we see a column of armored vehicles on the main road. Meille flaps his wings to attract the attention of the other two patrols; These advance to receive the orders of the squad leader.

Through the plexiglass of his ceiling, Meille dictates orders using the usual conventional mimicry. ...Meille, signals with his hand to the other sections to remain high for our protection; Following it, Marchetto and I, in single file, dived into the wake. At that moment, Soviet anti-aircraft shells began to explode around us. Marchetto is behind me, a little distanced. I see the Macchi de Meille "parading" in front of me. .... In a moment we are at the tail of the armored column; We immediately fired the machine gun at a very low altitude, along the entire length of that military convoy. Only at that moment do I see at the front of the column a series of anti-aircraft positions that raise a dense barrier of fire. Meille manages to pass unharmed.

Instinctively, to avoid the barrier, I tried to turn, flat, to the right to decrease the target area. Suddenly the plane no longer responds to orders: I am 200 meters from the ground, launched at high speed.... I have to jump..... I had started the first movement with the parachute when I realized that the Russians were coming from the ground and they shot me. I looked up, as if seeking impossible help. Dazed, I saw a plane coming towards me with its engine on fire, it was Marchetto's Macchi; He had just bailed out himself: our eyes crossed: Marchetto barely had time to raise his arm in a brotherly salute when a machine gun burst hit him in the abdomen. He immediately doubled over, now lifeless, still dangling for a moment from his white parachute. He was awarded the Silver Medal for Military Valor.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html
http://www.quellidel72.it/storie/aviatori/marchetto.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
Carlo Marchetto, Sottotenente, flew a Macchi C.200 and was part of the 362a Squadriglia......
Carlo Marchetto, Sottotenente, flew a Macchi C.200 and was part of the 362a Squadriglia......
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Trajectory of the mission of September 2................................................
Trajectory of the mission of September 2................................................
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

September 1941:

September 15, 1941: 10 MC 200 fighters of the 362nd Squadriglia shot down three Russian fighters.

September 30, 1941: Sottotenente Franco Ferrari of the 371st Squadriglia was shot down and killed by German Flak in the Nowo-Petrikowka sector (or Novomoskova, or Novomoskovka, the spelling differs), despite the Italian markings on the MC 200 Saetta targeting to avoid misunderstandings.

October 1941:

October 20, 1941: the 22nd Gruppo Autonomo was transferred in its entirety to the Zaporoje/Saporoshje/Zaporoszhe airfield to follow the advance of the German-Italian troops. It is at this time that the first heavy rains of autumn occur, followed by the first frosts and snowfall in early November. The mud then the ice slows down all operations.

From October 22, 1941 to November 10, 1941, the 22nd Gruppo was directly attached to the German V Fliegerkorps of General Robert Ritter Von Greim.

November 1941:

November 2, 1941: in the evening Italian troops occupied the town of Gorlovka.

November 5, 1941: Italian troops occupy Nikitovka. Until November 9, 1941, strong Russian counterattacks surrounded an Italian regiment in this area of the front, but they were finally repelled in part thanks to numerous strafing attacks on the ground by Macchis C 200 fighters of the 371a Squadriglia. On November 5, the 8 Macchis which took off to protect the ground troops were recalled due to very bad weather: fog covered the area.

November 9, 1941: to get closer to the front line and continue its ground attacks against the Soviets, the 371st Squadriglia was detached to the advanced base of Stalino.

November 16, 1941: the 119th Squadriglia of the 61st Gruppo OA arrives at Stalino, followed shortly after by the two remaining squadriglie.

November 20, 1941: snowfall is heavy, the temperature drops significantly and the Italians begin to really suffer from the cold. Air activity is zero due to the total lack of fuel.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by Prosper Vandenbroucke »

:up: :up: :up: :up:
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

December 1941:

December 9, 1941: the 22nd Gruppo and all of its 34 Macchis were transferred to Stalino. However, only 8 Macchis MC 200 of the 371st Squadriglia remain permanently stationed there.

December 11, 1941: the 359th Squadriglia relieves the 371st at Stalino. The latter returns to Zaporoje.

It was during this period between November 9 and December 25 that several I-16s equipped with RS-82s from the 55th IAP, whose commander was A. Pokryshkin, reportedly clashed with a dozen Macchi, shooting down several . This fight is in no way confirmed by the Italian archives.

December 25, 1941: the Italian lines were attacked at dawn by Soviet troops who had advanced after the recapture of Rostov. The Macchis flew all day in support of the troops and strafed the Soviet columns. Some bomb Russian tanks with 50 kg bombs. At 8:50 a.m., Capitano Vittorio Minguzzi led several aircraft from the 359a Squadriglia and shot down a Soviet “I-180” above Bulowin (or Bowolin). It would be a LaGG or more likely a Yak-7. Control of the airspace remains with the Italians.

December 26, 1941: ground fighting continues as does the machine-gunning of the Italian Macchis.

December 27, 1941: 6 Macchis of the 369th Squadriglia join the 359 as reinforcements at Stalino. Three Macchis carry out strafing on the ground

December 28, 1941: during a patrol and strafing on the ground, the Macchis C 200 encountered Soviet aircraft above Timofejevska (or Timofejevskij) and Polska between 11:20 a.m. and 11:40 a.m. Nine Soviet aircraft were shot down, 6 by the 359th Squadriglia and 3 by the 369th. Capitano Vittorio Minguzzi, commander of the 359th, takes two I-16s.

December 29, 1941: three new Macchi C 200s joined the 369th Squadriglia from Zaporoje to Stalino early in the morning. They are led by Capitano Giorgio Ianicelli, appointed temporary commander of the 22nd Gruppo. A little later at the end of the morning around 11:40 a.m., three Macchi C 200s piloted by Capitano Giorgio Iannicelli, Vittorio Minguzzi and Tenente Benedetti came face to face with a Soviet SB-2 above Blaka Tolstaje. The bomber quickly went down and even if the 3 Macchis were each confirmed with a shared victory, it seems that Minguzzi was the winner of the Russian aircraft.

Shortly after, the three Italian pilots had to face a formation of around twenty Soviet aircraft made up of I-16s and MiG-3s above the Bowolin station. Capitano Giorgio Iannicelli is shot and killed. He will be awarded the Medaglia d’Oro al Valore Militare. The other two pilots apparently managed to return to base, since Capitano Minguzzi was also named temporary commander of the Gruppo after Iannicelli's death. This sortie was the last of 1941.

December 31, 1941: the recapture by Italian troops of the CSIR of the town of Novo-Orlovka marks the end of the Battle of Christmas.

The Italian fighters are reduced to the number of 4 in flying condition at the 359th Squadriglia, while the chronic lack of fuel and the difficult weather conditions have somewhat reduced the number of sorties by Italian pilots.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html
http://www.enricopezzi.it/area_iannicel ... icelli.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
Capitano Pilota Giorgio Iannicelli in one isba on the Russian front.................
Capitano Pilota Giorgio Iannicelli in one isba on the Russian front.................
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

1942:

January 1942:

January 21, 1942: 8 Macchis take to the air for protection patrols above the lines.

January 25, 1942: Italian fighters again carried out patrols above the front.

January 26, 1942: 6 Macchis carried out a protective patrol above the front, but they were called back due to bad weather.

January 30, 1942: 13 Macchis machine-gun the Russian lines. This period with few flights made it possible to make up for the Gruppo's losses in equipment as well as the rest of the pilots during a month where the weather prevented flights most of the time.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
Macchi C.200 of the 369a Squadriglia at Stalino, during the winter of 1941-42. The thin white stripe at the rear of the fuselage indicates that it is the aircraft of the commander of the XXII° Gruppo................
Macchi C.200 of the 369a Squadriglia at Stalino, during the winter of 1941-42. The thin white stripe at the rear of the fuselage indicates that it is the aircraft of the commander of the XXII° Gruppo................
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

1942:

February 1942:

February 4, 1942: 9 Macchis C.200 of the 359th and 369th Squadriglie took off from Stalino to strafe the Kranyi/Kranyj/Krosnyi Liman airfield at 11:00 a.m.. Ten Soviet aircraft were destroyed on the ground and another six were damaged. Above the base, the Macchis collide with 5 I-16 fighters and shoot down three (or five), including one of Captain Vittorio Minguzzi. The Macchis return to their base without losses.

February 5, 1942: The operation was repeated in Kranyi/Krasnji/Krasnjy/Kranyj/Krnosniy Liman. 8 Macchis from the same Squadriglie destroy 11 (or 15) planes on the ground. Above the base they encountered Soviet aircraft, two I-16s were shot down at 7:20 a.m., including one belonging to Captain Vittorio Minguzzi.

February 8, 1942: The Colonnello Enrico Pezzi arrives in Bucharest. He was appointed Commander-in-Chief of ARMIR's Aviazone Command.

February 20, 1942: arrival of Maggiore D'Agostinis (*), new commander of the XXII° Gruppo Autonomo, replacing Maggiore Giovanni Borzoni (another source mentions the arrival of D'Agostinis on January 13, but unfortunately it was not possible find it to establish with certainty.

February 22, 1942: The 362nd and 371st Squadriglia joined the other two at Stalino. Therefore, the XXII° Gruppo Autonomo assembled at the Stalino base.

(*) On January 13, 1942, Maggiore D'Agostinis had replaced Maggiore Giovanni Borzoni as commander of the XXII° Gruppo Autonomo C.T. (359th, 362nd, 369th and 371st Squadriglie). This unit was at the time participating in the Russian campaign and was based at Stalino airfield (some parts of the 359th Squadriglia were based at Saporoskje in present-day Ukraine) with Macchi C.200s.

D'Agostinis had quite a difficult journey getting to his new unit. He comfortably arrived in Bucharest by train, but here the abundant snowfall prevented the planes from taking off, so, after a few days of waiting, he had to continue by train. He arrived in Lviv aboard a rickety troop train, at a speed of a few miles a day. Ten days later he arrived, sore all over, in Dnipropetrovsk. From there he arrived in a military supply truck, at the Stalino airfield, after another very uncomfortable trip. When he arrived at his unit, he inherited Maggiore Borzoni's plane.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/italy_dagostinis.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.
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tigre
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

1942:

February 1942:

February 24, 1942: in the afternoon, 12 Macchis C.200 of the 362a (Giulio Torresi and Tenente Frank Passerini), 369a (Tenente Renato Gori) and 359a Squadriglie (Capitano Vittorio Minguzzi, Tenente Giovanni Bonet, and Sottotenente Arrigo Pederzoli) lead a free fighter patrol above the front. Above Alexandrowka at 3:00 p.m. they encountered 3 bombers escorted by eight Soviet fighters identified as "I-18s". These are surely Soviet I-16s. Two Russian fighters are claimed collectively as shot down by the Macchis, against an Italian aircraft forced to make an emergency landing in its lines.

February 28, 1942: a mixed formation of 14 Macchis from the 362a (Capitano Germano La Ferla, Tenente Giovanni Beduz, Tenente Oberdan Militano, Tenente Giulio Torresi, and Tenente Frank Passerini), the 369a (Capitano Giovanni Cervellin, Tenente Walter Benedetti, Sottotenente Giuseppe "Beppi" Biron and Maresciallo Romano Pesavento) and of the 359a Squadriglie (Capitano Vittorio Minguzzi) are led by the commander of the Gruppo Maggiore D'Agostinis (first mission on the Eastern Front) to a free hunt. At 3:00 p.m. at 4500 m above Alexandrowska they spot 10 Russian fighters identified as "I-26" (probably Yak-1) and "I-27" (probably Yak-7) attacking one Ju-88. Two "I-26" are collectively attributed to the ten pilots of the 362a and 369a Squadriglie as destroyed, while Capitano Minguzzi personally shoots down two "I-27" (Yak-7). In return, two Macchis C.200 are hit but manage to return to Stalino. According to other sources the two "I-26" shot down were only confirmed as probable and another damaged, always attributed collectively.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/italy_dagostinis.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
Caproni Ca 311 of the 119ª Squadriglia, 61º Gruppo OA, during the winter of 1941-42..................
Caproni Ca 311 of the 119ª Squadriglia, 61º Gruppo OA, during the winter of 1941-42..................
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

1942:

March 1942:

March 3, 1942: 14 sorties were carried out by the Gruppo, but no combat was reported. As per another source, Maggiore D’Agostinis together with Capitano Giovanni Cervellin, Tenente Giovanni Bond and Sottotenente Adriano Moresi of the 369a Squadriglia and Tenente Edgardo Vaghi and Sottotenente Dino Signorini of the 362a Squadriglia fought with “I-180” fighters over Debalzewo-Olikowatka. The combat ended with uncertain results, but probably were several Soviet aircraft damaged.

March 5, 1942: The same day, the XXII°Gruppo Autonomo CT came under the control of the Deutschen Nahkampfführer Stalino (tactical combat command) of the Luftwaffe. As a result, Hs-126s and Bf-109Fs joined the Italian aircraft at Stalino.

March 9, 1942: 7 Macchis C.200 Saetta of the 362a (Capitano Germano La Ferla, Tenente Giulio Torresi, Sottotenente Edgardo Vaghi, Tenente Giovanni Beduz, Sergente Maggiore Attilio Sanson and Tenente Gianfranco Montagnani) and 369a Squadriglie (Sottotenente Giuseppe “Bepi” Biron) are on an escort mission for 11 German Ju-87 Stukas. Above Mikhailowka they encountered five Russian bombers escorted by twenty fighters, identified as “I-18s” (most likely I-16 type 18s, but possibly also Yak-1s). The 362a Squadriglia shares three Russian fighters shot down as well as two probables. No losses among the Italians.

The 359a Squadriglia is withdrawn from the front. Its still operational planes were transferred to the 369a, its unavailable planes were stored in hangars and its personnel repatriated to Italy.

March 15, 1942: five Macchis C.200 Saettas escort six Stukas. Seven Russian fighters intervened, two were shot down by the Italians.

March 17, 1942: 14 Macchis took off from Stalino at 09:45 a.m. for a ground strafing mission at the Luskotowa/Luskotova/Lokotova/Loskutovka (?) airfield. They are escorted by two Bf-109F-4s of 1./JG 77. Among the Italian pilots participating in the attack we note the names of Maggiore D'Agostinis, Capitano Germano La Ferla, Tenente Edgardo Vaghi, Tenente Giulio Torresi, Tenente Frank Passerini, Sergent Maggiore Fausto Fornacci and Sergente Attilio Sanson. Ten I-16 type 18s were destroyed on the ground, while 14 Russian aircraft (probably I-16 type 18s as well) were shot down by all the Italian and German pilots. Apparently no loss among the latter.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/italy_dagostinis.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

1942:

March 1942:

March 22, 1942: bombing of concentrations of Russian troops north of Ol'khovatka by six twin-engine Caproni Ca 311s.

March 23, 1942: escorts of German reconnaissance aircraft.

March 24, 1942: German reconnaissance plane escorts continue. That same day, Soviet aircraft attacked Stalino airfield. A transport Caproni Ca 133, a liaison Ca 164 were destroyed on the ground, and three bombers Caproni Ca 311 were damaged on the runway. The Soviets apparently escape without losses.

During the escorts of these two days (March 23 and 24) the Macchis C.200 claimed five Russian fighters shot down, at the cost of one Macchi being forced to make a forced landing in its lines.

March 30, 1942: a German press issued reports about the takeoff of nine Macchis C.200s led by Capitano Germano La Ferla who shot down four of the twelve Russian aircraft they encountered, plus two others attributed as probable.

During this month, the Gruppo managed, despite the difficult weather conditions, to maintain an average of 30 aircraft available simultaneously.

From 12 March, the XXII°Gruppo was gradually withdrawn to Italy leaving their worn-out C.200s in Russia and being replaced by the XXI° Gruppo (356a, 361a, 382a and 386a Squadriglie) from early May.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/italy_dagostinis.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.
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tigre
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

1942:

April 1942:

During this month the terrible Russian winter recedes, temperatures rise and the thaw begins: it is “rasputitsa”. The plains of Ukraine are transformed into quagmires hindering operations until the beginning of May.

Air activity is therefore reduced compared to March because of the state of the Stalino runway, but Italian pilots still shoot down three Russian aircraft during surveillance flights.

April 18, 1942: returning from a Stuka escort mission above the Izyum (or Isjum) area, a Macchis formation was surprised by a violent storm. Several aircraft must make makeshift landings south of Stalino. Among them, the Tenente Giovanni Beduz crashed with his device. He dies the next day. This is the last loss of the XXII° Gruppo Autonomo before its return to Italy.

April 21, 1942: the Italians attack the Utkino runway where four Soviet planes are destroyed.

April 23, 1942: Macchis C.200 (number unknown) attack the Russian airfield of Leninskij/Leninskilji/Leninsklij Bombardir where 8 Soviet planes are destroyed.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/italy_dagostinis.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
Three Caproni Ca133 Ts were assigned to the XXII° Gruppo upon its departure from Italy. In June 1942 they were transferred to the 247a Squadriglia Trasporto..................
Three Caproni Ca133 Ts were assigned to the XXII° Gruppo upon its departure from Italy. In June 1942 they were transferred to the 247a Squadriglia Trasporto..................
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Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.
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tigre
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXII° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, July 25, 1941 - May 7, 1942.

Chronology and marching diary.

1942:

May 1942:

At the beginning of the month between May 4 and 8, the relief of the XXII° Gruppo by the XXI° took place.

May 4, 1942: a group of eight Macchis C.200 Saettas (from the XXII° Gruppo) shot down two Russian fighters.
This day is chosen to date the arrival of the 21st Gruppo. The day before, the 22nd Gruppo ceased all activity, when it finished being attached to Nahkampfführer Stalino. 10 Macchis C.200 of the new XXI° Gruppo arrived on May 4 at Stalino, but the arrival nevertheless took place gradually, from March to July 1942. The 356a, 382a and 386a Squadriglia made up the Italian Gruppo Caccia now attached to the newly renamed CSIR ARMIR and is therefore part of the Comando Aviazone (or Aeronautica) del ARMIR. The baptism of fire of the new pilots took place gradually and side by side with the units of the 22nd Gruppo since April when the personnel of the XXI° Gruppo made these first war flights.

May 7, 1942: the last pilots of the XXII° Gruppo returned to Italy, leaving their fighters with the XXI° Gruppo Autonomo which arrived for relief. Only a few pilots from the 371a Squadriglia stay until July (end of the month) to supervise the new arrivals and share their experience with them.

The XXII° Gruppo therefore ends its campaign in Russia there. He is decorated for his prowess against Soviet aviation both in the air and on the ground, and for his repeated raids which cost the Russian army many men, vehicles, teams and trains.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir1.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html
http://surfcity.kund.dalnet.se/italy_dagostinis.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.
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tigre
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Re: The Italian Aviation Command in the Soviet Union.

Post by tigre »

Hello to all :D; more..............................

The XXI° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia, May 8, 1942-early 1943.

Order of Battle of the Italian Air Force in the Soviet Union on May 8, 1942:

XXI° Gruppo Autonomo Caccia: 356a, 382nd, 386a and 361a Squadriglie with 34 MC.200 Saetta (1)

LXXI° Gruppo Autónomo Osservazione Aerea: 38a and 116a Squadriglie with 32 Caproni Ca.311 and 2 Ca.312 Sanitarios (2)

245a, 246th and 247a Transport Squadriglie with 10 SM.81, 6 SM.81 and 4 SM.73 respectively (3)

(1): On September 6, 1942, this group was reinforced by 12 Macchi C.202. Five other Folgores were assigned to the group in late December.
(2): In August 1942, the 38a Squadriglia received its first 3 Fiat BR.20s; Another 4 will join the group in September and 5 in December. In November, 2 Fieseler 156 C Storch complete the roster. Between September 1942 and April 1943, one Caproni 133S was assigned to each of the two squadriglie.
(3): the SM.73s of the 247a squadriglia were used for the Venice-Stalino connections. In June 1942, 6 SM.81s were added to this unit's strength, which eventually reached 8 at most.

Chronology and march diary.

1942:

May 1942:

May 8, 1942: 9 Macchis C.200 of the 386a Squadriglia escort an Hs-126 that carries out reconnaissance in the Slawjansk (or Slaviansk) – Majaki sector. A dozen Soviet fighters fall on them. The type of enemy aircraft differs depending on the source: I-16, MiG-3 or “Super Rat”, I-180 or I-185. But the Italian pilots mention in their reports that the fighters were Lagg3, called “I-185”. Even so, three Russian fighters fell at the cost of the loss of Sergente Maggiore Pietro Greco.

On May 9, 1942, Marshal Timoshenko launched an offensive against Charkow from the Izyum bridgehead. The German crews, and in particular those of He-111, who intensified bombing and reconnaissance, appreciated the escort of the Italian fighters. The Macchis C.200 actively participated in the assault on the Kerch Peninsula.

May 13, 1942: during a patrol in the Debalzevo region, Sottotenente Marcello Calafiore of the 386a Squadriglia is shot down and killed, probably by the A.A. defense.

On May 17, 1942, the Wermacht counterattacked and quickly reduced the Soviet attack.

May 19, 1942: 16 Macchis C.200 Saettas escort an He-111 flight over Izjum.

Sources: http://www.italie1935-45.com/RA/histoir ... csir2.html (offline)
https://italianaircraftwwii.blogspot.co ... front.html

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
Macchi C.200 of the 386a Squadriglia, XXI° Gruppo, on Russian soil, 1942.......................
Macchi C.200 of the 386a Squadriglia, XXI° Gruppo, on Russian soil, 1942.......................
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Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.
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