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John is 100% correct. Christopher Clark points this out in Iron Kingdom. Churchill and Roosevelt looked at the 1939-1945 conflict with Germany as something rooted in Prussian Militarism, thus making the conflict a German problem more than a Nazi one. By treaty, Prussia was to cease to exist from the European political and social landscape. In tacit agreement, the Soviets had a free hand to eliminate the Prussian State. This led directly to the expulsion of around 12 million ethnic Germans from east of the Oder River to be resettled in the west. Mcdonough's After the Reich pulls no punches in describing what happened in East Prussia as soon as the Soviets occupied it in the Spring of 1945.von Salza wrote:My question is why did they seek to inhibit the power of what was perceived to be the dominant regional power in Germany, Prussia, when the war was started by a National Socialist Germany, who if Hitlers views are to be believed, despised all things Prussian. Surely the perfect antidote to National Socialism post war would be the Prussian state. Was it deemed to be still too militaristic? After all the bloodshed and the catastrophic end for Germany surely even a dominant Prussia would have had its fill of war, no?
...or allowed to die along the way....This led directly to the expulsion of around 12 million ethnic Germans from east of the Oder River to be resettled in the west.
which the Nazis learned and exploited as word of this strengthened resolve, ended hope of any negotiated peace, thereby leading to the vast majority of total deaths in east and west in 44-45 and the destruction of nearly all of Germany's cities.... ahh..the tyranny of good intentions and the laws of unintended consequences...the demarcation lines were drawn up as early as 1943 but not finalized until the fall of 1944 in the secret Allied plan known as "Eclipse." Germany would be divided and occupied, period.
yup....They argued that unconditional surrender played directly into the Nazi propogandists' hands
they did, but had to placate the Poles, who were not very willing particpants in the Soviets land games.However could the Soviets have ever contemplated keeping Prussia as part of the Soviet zone of occupation eventually becoming part of the German Democratic Republic?