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Maczek Brigade (10. BKZmot).
In September 1939, the only major motorized unit in the Polish Army (apart from the Warsaw Motorized Armored Brigade, which had not yet completed the formation and training process) was the 10th Cavalry Brigade commanded by Colonel diplomat Stanislaw Maczek. From 08 to 10 September, he had to delay the activities of the German 4. Light Division along the main road from Rzeszów to Jarosław.
The 10th Cavalry Brigade and the 4. Light Division.
In 1936, the (Polish) General Staff decided to create the first armored motorized units in the Polish Army. It was supposed to be a response to the development of motorized groups in the countries bordering Poland - the Red Army and the Wehrmacht. The concept of armored motorized brigades developed by officers of the Ministry of Military Affairs has been implemented. In the spring of 1937, the Rzeszów 10th BK was the first to be covered by the motorization process. He was referring to two cavalry regiments: the 10th Mounted Rifle Regiment (Psk) from Łańcut and the 24th Uhlans (puł) Regiment from Kraśnik. The latter entered instead of the 20th Rzeszów Regiment, where there was a strong resistance against the automobile industry.
The 10th BK (*) was primarily a motorized unit, with a small component of armor elements. Great emphasis was placed on anti-tank weaponry, which were Bofors wz. 36 caliber 37 mm, mainly grouped in the anti-tank squadron. The brigade, in addition to two motorized regiments, had reconnaissance and anti-tank squadrons, a communications squadron and a traffic control platoon. After the mobilization began, the following elements were added: a light tank squadron, an independent reconnaissance tank company, a mot. sapper battalion, a mot. AA group and a group of light artillery mot. It was not possible to obtain the planned accompanying air liaison platoon, which would allow communication between brigade units and fulfill close reconnaissance tasks. In total were planned, 175 officers, about 4000 soldiers, 42 combat vehicles, about 550 cars and tractors of various types, about 300 motorcycles, 4 100-mm howitzers, 4 75-mm guns, 4 81-mm mortars, 4 40 mm anti-aircraft guns, 27 37 mm anti-tank guns, 43 heavy machine guns to complete the brigade's equipment.
The main opponent of the 10th BK in September 1939 was the 4. DL (**). This was organized with the Austrian units that joined to the Wehrmacht in March 1938. Its commander from 1936 was Generalmajor Alfred Ritter von Hubicki. After taking the oath of allegiance to Hitler, the division underwent a partial reorganization and most weapons were changed to those standard for the Wehrmacht. In August 1939, the division numbered about 10,000 soldiers, and its main force was two cavalry rifle regiments (4 motorized infantry battalions), supplemented by an artillery regiment with two groups and an armored detachment. The latter had 34 PzKpf I light tanks, 23 PzKpfw II and 5 command tanks. The division's reconnaissance regiment had armored cars, cars and motorcycles. There were three squadrons in his second abteilung (25 armored cars each: 10 SdKfz 222 and 15 SdKfz 221). The anti-tank defense in the form of a reinforced battalion made up of three anti-tank companies (12 37mm guns each and 6 light machine guns) and the assigned heavy machine gun company (in fact 12 Flak 38 20mm anti-aircraft guns) was highly developed.
(*) The units of the 10th Cavalry Brigade (motorized) were: 10th Mounted Rifle Regiment (10. Pulk Strzelcow Konnych - 10. PSK), 24th Uhlan Regiment (24. Pulk Ułanów), 121st light Tank Company, 101st Reconnaissance Company (4 TKS 20mm and 9 TK light tanks), brigade reconnaissance battalion had 4 TKS 20mm tanks and 9 TKF tanks (TK with TKS engine), 16th Motorized Artillery Group ( 16. Dywizjon Artylerii Motorowej) (4 x 75mm guns, 4 x 100mm howitzers).
(**) The units that made up the 4. Light Division were: Kavallerie-Schützen-Regiment 10, Kavallerie-Schützen-Regiment 11, Aufklärungs-Regiment 9, Panzer-Abteilung 33, Artillerie-Regiment 102, Panzer-Abwehr-Abteilung 50 , Pionier-Bataillon 86, 3./Nachrichten-Abteilung 38, Infanterie-Divisions-Nachschubführer 60
Sources: Brigada Maczka. Piotr Chmielowiec. Dodatek historyczny Instytutu Pamięci Narodowej. Oddział w Rzeszowie.
https://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Gl ... eDiv-R.htm
Cheers. Raúl M
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.