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Immediately following the Italian surrender in September 1943. They partisans quickly secured the islands of Vis, Bisevo and Sv. Andrija. Interestingly, in August 1943, several days before Italian capitulation ten citizens of Komiza were executed by the Italians after being accused of preparing an armed uprisal agains the Italians. Anyway, in September 1943 the partisans from the mainland and the local volunteers disarmed the Italian garrison. Apparently some Italians even joined the partisans.- when the Yugoslav red partisans were able to land in that island?
The British landed in early October 1943 when a reconnaissance party of some fifty British commandos arrived first to co-operate, encourage, and supply the partisan war effort, followed by the 1,000 strong Force 133 under Brigadier Jack Churchill, including a small British naval contingent of several MTBs (Motor Torpedo Boats) under Commander Thomas Fuller, RCN, from Ottawa, Canada. On 20 February 1944 the No. 43 Royal Marine Commando with the understrength No. 7 (Yugoslav) Troop of the 10th Inter-Allied Commando arrived on the island thus bringing the total Allied personnel up to 1,000 men. On March 5, 1944 Churchill's second son Brigadier Tom Churchill arrived on the island with the 2nd Special Service Brigade (SAS), including 4th (Belgian) Troop of the 10th Inter-Allied Commando, and assumed the overall command of the island. Later the Americans send a group of some 40 US Rangers to assist the British and Yugoslavs and who later took part in some raids on some German-held Dalmatian islands. An airstrop was built on Vis Island in 1944 and it has served as an advance base and emergency landing site for badly damaged B-17s and B-24s returning from air raids in Southern Germany, Austria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Slovakia and Romania.When the British arrived, first time, with their own land forces
Most likely it was evacuated via sea by the British Navy between September - October 1943, except for those individuals who opted to stay with the partisans.When the Italian garrison come back in Italy?
Yes, this was the so-called "Operation FREISCHÜTZ" which was planned for the 21st of February 19412, but it was first postponed and then canceled by Hitler. The plan called for the landing of four battalions of the 750th Jaeger Regiment of the 118th Jager Division at the south tip of the island to advance through the rough terrain towards Vis City on the northern coast with the assistance of a large group of Brandeburg commandos (similarity with Leros Operation???) who would, disguised as Yugoslav partisans, entered the harbour and create some sort of a chaos in it. Simultaneously the island would also come under the attack of 360 paratroopers and 200 glider troops. I believe the plan also called for the deployment of some elements of the Croatian Parachute Battalion (Hrvatska padrobranska bojna) together with the German Fallschirmjagers.The Germans palnned, i Spring 1944, to invade it by paratroopers and landing from the sea than they give up all the program.
Mamma mia! Grazie il tutto, Enrico. This is great info. Battalion Grado? Grado as Grado near Monfalcone? Happen to know any other details about that Italian Army company?About Lissa (Vis) the island was occupied on 22 Aprile 1941 by a company of the Italian Army on the old Torpedo boat San Martino followed by sailors of the San Marco Regiment, Battalion Grado, 3rd Company. No resistance or losses are reported.
Great info! I was often wondering what are the Italian names for Susac and Kopiste Islands. Do you happen to know how many Italians were out of these 1,558 inhabitants? Also what was the Italian OOB on the island on April 6, 1941?Lagosta was, with Cazza and Cazziol islands, Italian territory since 1918, Provincia di Zara, 53 KM 2 and 1.558 inhabitants.