The Captain Of Muffrika

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Nordwest

The Captain Of Muffrika

Post by Nordwest » Fri Feb 24, 2006 3:36 pm

Willi Herold, 19-years old, lance corporal. On April 3, 1945 Herold is cut off´ from his unit after parachuting down over Emsland, an isolated region in north west Germany. To his surprise he finds an officer´s uniform lying in a military vehicle riddled with bullet holes and abandoned at the, roadside. This opens up new possibilities for him. Dressed in the uniform and commanding a group of other soldiers, also cut off from their units, he goes marauding through Muffrika (a local term for the region of Emsland) under the name of the Herold Unit, the Herold-Bodyguard or the Herold Court Martial. No one doubts that he is an officer. The group stays in close proximity to the main combat line: "enjoying the war...", with audacious shock troop ventures against the advance of the Allies, plundering raids, women in tow, alcohol in abundance. As the days go by the process intensifies to a murderous frenzy: On April 10, Herold enters the most northern of the Emsland prison camps, all but deprives the camp commandant of his power, and- for 9 days- sets up a reign of arbitrary terror to which 160 camp prisoners fall victim. As the enemy approaches Herold disappears northwards. In Leer he orders that 5 Dutch men denounced as "spies" be shot. By April 30, when he is discovered and arrested by a German navy patrol, he has had 200 people murdered. Willi Herold is arrested again at the end of May 1945, brought before a British military court, condemned to death on August 29, 1946 and guillotined shortly afterwards.
Source: http://www.agdok.de/GermanDocumentaries/gD090.htm

The Documentary: Image
Amazon: http://www.amazon.de/exec/obidos/ASIN/B ... 57-9107765

Further Information about W. Herold: http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Willi_Herold


Michael

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Post by Lorenz » Fri Feb 24, 2006 4:54 pm

Discrepancies:

The Wikipedia says he found the uniform of a Fallschirmjäger Hauptmann in an officer's suitcase. It doesn't say anything about him "parachuting down over Emsland."

Further, it says he was hanged on 14 Nov 46; not guillotined.

The truth?

Nordwest

Post by Nordwest » Fri Feb 24, 2006 5:06 pm

Lorenz...

I am not sure, I have this Documentary on VHS-Video, the last Time, I saw it, is a few Years ago.

Sorry, Wiki, as often, is not the best Source...

I will look further on this, if you are interested, the DIZ is the best Source, I only know the Documentary, and what can be found in the Net.

DIZ: http://www.diz-emslandlager.de/


Michael

Nordwest

Post by Nordwest » Fri Feb 24, 2006 5:10 pm

BTW...

Did You know this about W. Herold...?

A small "Episode" 1945, mostly known to the People in our Area...


Michael

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Post by Lorenz » Sat Feb 25, 2006 6:49 am

Nordwest wrote:BTW...
Did You know this about W. Herold...?
A small "Episode" 1945, mostly known to the People in our Area...
Michael
Not really, so I found your post to be quite interesting. However, I do have a vague recollection of seeing a BAOR interrogation report on him. I think the Brits at first thought he was a dangerous Abwehr II agent. I read the interrogation report a long time ago, so I can't be absolutely sure it's the same guy, but the story did ring some bells for me.

--Lorenz

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Post by George » Sat Feb 25, 2006 7:22 am

Further, it says he was hanged on 14 Nov 46; not guillotined.
It's only a minor point but the Wiki article says he was guillotined not hung.

hingerichtet = executed
Fallbeil = guillotine

George

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Post by Lorenz » Sat Feb 25, 2006 7:26 am

You are right, George. My mistake. I read the last sentence too quickly.

--Lorenz :oops:

Nordwest

Post by Nordwest » Sat Feb 25, 2006 1:01 pm

BAOR interrogation
Lorenz, what does BAOR stand for...? :?

Thank You, and were can one find this?


Michael

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Waleed Y. Majeed
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Post by Waleed Y. Majeed » Sat Feb 25, 2006 2:21 pm

BRITISH ARMY OF THE RHINE
1945-1994

Thanks to...
Image

Waleed

ps. Interesting story.

Nordwest

Post by Nordwest » Sat Feb 25, 2006 2:32 pm

Thanks Waleed, sometimes I am a little stupid... :wink:

BTW, I did not know, that the British used the Guillotine after 1945 for Executions in Germany, this was new to me.

I always thought, they used the Rope/Hanging?

Thanks again!


Michael

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Post by Lorenz » Sat Feb 25, 2006 4:26 pm

Nordwest wrote:Thanks Waleed, sometimes I am a little stupid... :wink:
BTW, I did not know, that the British used the Guillotine after 1945 for Executions in Germany, this was new to me.
I always thought, they used the Rope/Hanging?
Thanks again!
Michael
Guillotine: I did, too, Nordwest, and I still do. I have no recollection of the Brits executing condemned criminals and war criminals with the guillotine. They were hanged.

As for the BAOR interrogations, these can be found in both the U.K. and the U.S. National Archives. At NARA WashDC, there are hundreds and hundreds of boxes of wartime and postwar PoW interrogations, many of which were conducted by The British Army of the Rhine. Everybody was doing interrogations 1945-48: CSDIC, OSS, BAOR, A.I.12, USAREUR G-2, OMGUS, the Nürnberg Prosecutors, and the list goes on and on. And that's just the Brits and Amis.

--Lorenz

Nordwest

Post by Nordwest » Sat Feb 25, 2006 4:41 pm

Thanks again, Lorenz!

I there a Source in the Internet, to look at such Interrogation Reports, this would be very interesting?

Especially the "Willi Herold File"...

Next Question, other Photos of W. Herold, besides the one from the Cover of the Docu/Book?


Michael

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Post by Lorenz » Sat Feb 25, 2006 4:51 pm

Nordwest wrote:Thanks again, Lorenz!
I there a Source in the Internet, to look at such Interrogation Reports, this would be very interesting?
Especially the "Willi Herold File"...
Next Question, other Photos of W. Herold, besides the one from the Cover of the Docu/Book?
Michael
Source: sadly not.....one must go to the archive and fish around for them. The U.K. archive has fewer than the U.S. archive, but in London they are better catalogued and therefore easier to locate.

Photos: sorry, I know nothing about those. I never saw any photos with the interrogation reports.

--Lorenz

Nordwest

Post by Nordwest » Sat Feb 25, 2006 5:03 pm

Thanks once again, Lorenz!

Do you have a Link to the Archive in London, if yes, please be so kind to share it...?


Michael

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Post by Lorenz » Sun Feb 26, 2006 5:39 am

Nordwest wrote:Thanks once again, Lorenz!
Do you have a Link to the Archive in London, if yes, please be so kind to share it...?
Michael
http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/cata ... lt.asp?j=1

Good luck!

--Lorenz

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