Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Foreign volunteers, collaboration and Axis Allies 1939-1945.

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Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Fri Nov 20, 2015 10:22 am

Hello to all :D; something to share..............................

Czechoslovakia - Hungary 1938.

For the First Vienna Award signed at the Belvedere Palace on November 2, 1938, Hungary received 11,925 km2 and a population of almost one million people, of which 86.5% were of Hungarian nationality. Just returned home Kosice, Roznava, Uzhgorod, Mukachevo, Berehovo, Rimaszombat, Érsekújvár, Komarno, Levice and Losonc as major cities. However, it was not resolved the issue of Transcarpathia (Rus) plus neither Bratislava nor Nitra were returned, which caused great indignation, especially the issue of Bratislava (Pozsony).

The provincial government Ruthenian was evacuated from Uzhgorod to Chust.

Sources: http://crowland.uw.hu/images/csata/delvidek.html
Magyar Királyi Honvédség gyorscsapatai 1938–1941. Kiss Gábor Ferenc.

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
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Hungarian occupation of the allocated territories.........................
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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Sat Nov 21, 2015 9:31 am

Hello to all :D; something to share..............................

Carpatho-Ukraine 1939. Hungarian Troops Take Over Chust

With the Hungarian Army in Chust, Carpatho-Ukraine, Mar. 16— Hungarian troops stormed this little Carpatho-Ukraine capital at 4 p.m. today and after an hour and a half of energetic mopping up smashed all Czech and Ukranian resistance. Tonight Chust was a quiet, bulletmarked city completely under Hungarian control. Ukranian storm troopers whose dream it had been to establish an independent Ukraine state, and a few Czech soldiers who had decided to fight rather than flee to safety to Rumania, were driven out into the snow-covered mountains which circle the city. They will be hard to dislodge from their mountain hideouts, but the tired, victorious Hungarian soldiers were preparing to pursue tomorrow. The bitterest fighting occurred in a system of shallow, barbed-wire protected trenches seven miles east of Chust. After a brief artillery bombardment of the defense works, the Hungarians made a bayonet charge and for half an hour there was bitter hand-to-hand conflict.

Sources: The Cornell Daily Sun, Volume LIX, Number 123, 17 March 1939..

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
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Transcarpathia: Chust (Huszt) 1939...................................
http://www.delcampe.net/page/item/id,342515224,var,Ukraine-Hungary--Transcarpathia-Chust-Huszt-1939,language,E.html
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Hungarian troops in Chust..............................
http://i.idnes.cz/11/071/org/JW3c3dfd_chust.JPG
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Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Sat Nov 28, 2015 5:10 am

Hello to all :D; something more..............................

Advance in the Carpathians.

For the military operation was formed on March 14 the Carpathian Group Command based on the VIII Corps under Ferenc Szombathely, having as subordinated the 1st and 2nd Brigades of Cavalry, the 2nd Motorized Brigade, the newly created 24th Infantry Regiment and units of border guards and cyclists of the VIII Corps.

The Carpathian Group advanced along three axes: the Ung valley by the Uzsoki Pass; Latorca valley by Verecki Pass and Beregszász pushing towards Chust. Taking advantage of its deployment and as supply hubs the cities of Ungvár, Munkács, Beregszász respectively.

The forces in Uzhgorod, which were advancing through the valley of Ung were grouped into the 24th Brigade under Colonel Andor Mures and were composed of the 24 / I. Infantry Battalion; 5. Mechanized Battalion; 12., 21. and 24. Companies of Sappers; 26. Battalion of border guards; 24. artillery battalion and the 2nd Motorized Brigade.

The forces around Munkács which were advancing through the Latorca valley were grouped into the 1st Cavalry Brigade commanded by Colonel Beldy Alajos and composed of the 24 / III. Infantry Battalion; 3rd Hussars; 25. Battalion of border guards; 12. Cyclist Battalion; 1. / I. Horse artillery battalion; elements of police and National Guardsmen.

The Beregszasz Group was composed of the 24th Battalion of border gurads and also the 14. Cyclist Battalion under Lieutenant Colonel Baron Karl Ungar. The adversary consisted of the 45 / II. Czech infantry battalion which had 780 men, reinforced with 150 gendarmes and a squadron of 12 light armored vehicles.

The Hungarian units stationed around Munkács, after throwing back the attacking Czechs on March 14, 1939, pressed forward in turn, and took the town of Orhegyalja. On the same day, the Sic Guards and Czech nationalist units initiated large scale partisan operations. Given this excuse, the Hungarian Army again crossed the border on March 15, 1939. Czech resistance in Ruthenia was negligible, and the advancing Hungarian troops did not have to count on a well-organized and centralized resistance. The Hungarian Army also had the advantage of the Vienna Award, which made it possible for the Hungarians to take possession of the area where the Czechs built their permanent fortifications against Hungary.

Sources: http://magyarhonved.blogspot.com.ar/201 ... chive.html
Magyar Királyi Honvédség gyorscsapatai 1938–1941. Kiss Gábor Ferenc.

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
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Struggles around Munkács..................................
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Progress towards Chust ...........................................
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Hungarians Fiat Ansaldo CV-33 in Chust ...............................
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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Sun Nov 29, 2015 7:22 am

Hello to all :D; something more..............................

Advance in the Carpathians.

Sources: Magyar Királyi Honvédség gyorscsapatai 1938–1941. Kiss Gábor Ferenc.

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
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The advance of the 12th Cyclists Battalion................................
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The advance of the 14th Cyclists Battalion and the 2nd Reconnaissance Battalion to the Tatar Pass..............................
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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Fri Dec 04, 2015 8:34 pm

Hello to all :D; something more........................

The Slovak independence 1939.

On 9th March — as reported on the 10th by the German Telegraphic Bureau — M. Hacha, President of the Czecho-Slovak Republic, removed the Tiso Government from office by means of a coup-d’etat, and appointed M. Joseph Sivak as Slovak Premier and M. Charles Sidor as Political Minister. Simultaneously, Czech troops occupied the Slovak towns and proclaimed martial law.

On 10th March, Mgr. Tiso, informed Vienna that he and the other members of the Slovak Cabinet had been removed from office against their will by the Central Government, and that this was an unconstitutional act.

After Mgr. Tiso's Note had been despatched, President Hacha removed M. Sivak from office and, on the recommendation of the Committee of the Slovak Diet, appointed M. Sidor as Premier, making at the same time other changes in the Cabinet. Mgr. Tiso, accompanied by his deputy in the former Cabinet, M. Durchansky, left for Berlin by aeroplane. On 13th March, both Mgr. Tiso and M. Durchansky had an audience with Herr Hitler, who spoke with them in the presence of the German Foreign Minister. That same day an official communique was issued in Berlin in which it was stated that the attempt to settle the relations between the different racial groups in Czecho-Slovakia in a peaceful manner and in the spirit of the Munich Agreement had failed.

On 14th March the Slovak Diet entrusted Mgr. Tiso with the task of forming a Cabinet. The Diet also proclaimed the independence of Slovakia.

On 15th March certain detachments of the German forces operating in Bohemia and Moravia crossed the western frontier of Slovakia in order to defend those provinces against any possible action of the Czecho-Moravian soldiers and gendarmes in Slovakia.

On 16th March Premier Tiso despatched the following telegram to Herr Hitler:

"Trusting fully in the Führer and Chancellor of the German Reich, the Slovak State places herself under your protection. Slovakia begs you to undertake the protection of the Slovak State."

In reply Herr Hitler sent the following telegram to Mgr. Tiso:

"I acknowledge receipt of your telegram and herewith undertake to protect the Slovak State."

On 23rd March Professor Tuka and M. Durchansky, Slovak Ministers, arrived in Vienna along with several economic experts to discuss economic questions. When this discussion was over, they left the same afternoon by aeroplane for Berlin to continue negotiations there. These negotiations were concluded that day, upon which Mgr. Tiso immediately flew to Berlin to sign the agreement.

Sources: http://epa.oszk.hu/02600/02602/00053/pd ... 34-038.pdf
Das Interessante Blatt. 16 März 1939.

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
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The bridge over the Don in Pressburg closed with wire obstacles and tightly controlled by Czech forces ................
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Main entrance to the headquarters of the Hlinka Party, seized by the Czech police .....................
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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Wed Dec 09, 2015 4:04 pm

Hello to all :D; something more..............................

Second phase of operations. The small war between Hungary and Slovakia.

The troops were assembled on March 20 and 21 1939, and the Carpathian Group was organized with the following deployment: to the north,on the right wing, the 9. Infantry Brigade under General János Székely with the 17 and 38 Infantry Regiments and the 28th Border Guards Battalion. At the center at Ungvár, the 2. Motorized Brigade under Colonel Sándor Horváth and on the left wing, the 2. Cavalry Brigade under Colonel Bela Miklos.

The Carpathian Group assigned the following tasks: the infantry on the right wing will march with the bulk of its forces by Ugar and parts by Utczás, reaching the line Kispereszlő / Prislop - Kiskolon / Kolonica. In the center the 2. Motorized Brigade will occuppy the villages of the high and low Felsőhalas / Vyšná Rybnica marching via Szobráncz / Sobrance. On the left wing 2. Cavalry Brigade in Munkács will adavance via Nagykapocs through the right bank of Ung River, to cross the river and was to reach the Halas line. The units will occupy its positions on March 22 and will start the operation the next day.

Despite all the precautions, on March 17 the Slovaks expected a Hungarian attack. On March 18 they reinforced the border protection and sent a squadron to Stakčín. At the head of the Slovak forces was appointed General Ferdinand Čatloš. To match the Hungarian attack the Slovaks organized three groups: a north Group called Stakčín with parts of the 16th Infantry Regiment (700 men with an artillery battery); a south Group called Nagymihályi (Michalovská) with about a reinforced battalion (1,000 men, an artillery battery and a battalion of engineers). This group would be deployed in the direction of Ungvár / Uzhgorod. The third group was the reserve created from the 11th and 17th Infantry Divisions. In addition, a mechanized unit based on the Czechs abandoned material (9 LT-35 and 8 vehicles OA-30) was organized.

The Hungarian troops crossed the border early on March 23, 1939, having given 30 minutes' notice to the Germans. The Slovaks did not oppose great resistance, but the German reaction was not expected. Berlin notified Budapest that if the troops continued the advance, Germany would send troops to protect the Slovak borders. The Hungarians halted its march after advancing about 30 kilometers. At the end of March, after a strong German pressure the occupation was legalized and Hungary won a territory of 12,171 square kilometers with a population of 697.788. The Hungarian casualties were 72 dead, 144 wounded and 3 missing.

Sources: Magyar Királyi Honvédség gyorscsapatai 1938–1941. Kiss Gábor Ferenc.

Cheers. Raúl M 8).

Feliz Navidad - Feliz Natal - Frohe Weihnachten - Joyeux Noël - Merry Christmas - Wesołych Świąt!. :up:
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Advance of the Carpathian Group on March 23, 1939 ....................................... .......
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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Sat Jan 09, 2016 3:15 pm

Hello to all :D; something more, although this took place during WWII..............................

Mobilization against Romania.

By losing validity the Anglo-French guarantees given to Romania on April 13, 1939, due to the French collapse in West campaign in June 1940, it appeared an excellent opportunity to Hungary to regain Transylvania. On June 26, 1940 the Soviets presented an ultimatum to Rumania demanding the return of Herzta, Bessarabia and northern Bukovina. Romanians could do nothing and Soviet troops began to occupy those territories on 28 June. The same day Romania ordered a general mobilization and began to strengthen its presence in Transylvania. Hungary in turn ordered mobilization on July 2. According to German wishes, Hungary and Romania began talks on August 16, but the preparations for war continued. Meanwhile Hungary had deployed on the border about 550,000 men and was estimated that Romania had in Transylvania 400 to 500,000 men, 270 tanks and 350 aircrafts. The talks broke down on August 24 in view of Hungarian claims (69,000 square kilometers with 3,803,000 inhabitants). Germany and Italy then proposed an arbitration that was accepted. The Axis powers met in the Belvedere Palace (Vienna) August 30, 1940 and reduced the claims to 43,492 km with 2,667,007 people signing the Second Vienna Award. On the night of 30 to 31 August, Romania accepted the terms. Romania had 14 days to evacuate the territory ceded to Hungary.

The invasion.

According to the agreement and that stipulated in Protocol No. 1, the evacuation and occupation begin on September 5. On September 11 at 12:00 hours the Hungarian troops should reach Cluj and the occupation of the whole area should be completed on September 13 at 18:00 hours. Despite extensive front the occupation developed normally. The groups reached its daily set goals and by September 13 the operations had been basically completed. The set goal of September 13 was a serious problem for the infantry and horse-drawn troops (main body of the army) as in the available eight days they had to travel about 375 kilometers as the crow flies.

Sources: Magyar Királyi Honvédség gyorscsapatai 1938–1941. Kiss Gábor Ferenc.

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
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Daily advance..................................
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Main routes of advance............................................
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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Thu Jan 21, 2016 6:55 pm

Hello to all :D; a little complement.............................

Hungarian expansion 1939-1940.

Source: http://indafoto.hu/lohere/a_magyar_kira ... vedseg_ker

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
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During the operations, Hungary took good advantage of its cyclists troops................................
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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Sun May 08, 2016 4:54 pm

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Bessarabia 1940.

A brief summary of the region till 1940:

1. Period under Ottoman suzerainty as part of the principality of Moldavia covering several centuries prior to 1812.
2. Ceded to Russia by the Russo-Turkish treaty of 1812.
3. Portion west and south of the heavy line 5 returned to Moldavia and formed part of the united principality of Rumania by the Treaty of Paris in 1856.
4.This portion (west and south of the heavy line 5) returned to Russia by the Congress of Berlin in 1878.
5. Ukraine separated from Russia in 1917.
6. Bessarabia voted 27 March 1918 to unite with Rumania.
7. Union with Rumania recognized by the Treaty of Paris, 28 October 1920, ratified by Great Britain 1 January 1921, Rumania 7 April 1922, France 11 March 1924 and Italy 8 March 1927 - but all over the protest of Soviet Russia.

From September 1939, the majority of Romanian military forces were deployed between the eastern Carpathians and the Dniester River. Deployed here was the Army Group I (which had subordinated the Third and Fourth Armies), the Mountain Corps.

According to Operational Order no. 18 of June 15, 1940, the 3rd Army was to wage war on the Ceremuş and Upper Prut rivers. The fallback position was along the Rodna Mountains–Little Siret–Sihna–Jijia line of defense, with a “red line” defense in the Zupania–Prislop–Cârlibaba region. In Bessarabia, the 4th Army was to defend the Corneşti–Lower Răutul–Dniester line.

Yet, as early as the night of June 27/28, 1940, without waiting for the Romanian response, the Soviet troops crossed the border at five points. On June 28, 1940, the Romanian cities of Cernauţi, Hotin, Bălţi, Chişinău, and Cetatea Albă were already under Soviet occupation.

On the very June 28, 1940, at 7:00 hours, Romanian commanders of Army Group I of the 3rd and 4th Armies received Order No. 6006 from the Romanian High Command, informing them of the cession of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina and ordering them to evacuate several major cities (Cernauţi, Cetatea Albă, and Chişinău) on the same day.

Soviet troops were part of the Southern Front composed of: 12. Soviet Army (northern Bukovina), 9. Soviet Army and 5. Soviet Army (Bessarabia).

Source: Military News Around the world. RML Vol XX Nº 77.
https://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/about/e ... drawal.pdf
http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Soviet_occup ... n_Bukovina

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
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Zhukov (commander of the Southern Front) during the military parade in Chisinau ..............................
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Distribution of population by nationalities in Bessarabia.
1 Ruthenians more than any other single nationality.
2.Rumanians more than all other nationalities combined.
3.Rumanians more than any other single nationality.
4.Little Russians more than any other single majority.
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Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by Henrik Andersson » Wed May 11, 2016 12:54 am

A swedish article about the Hungaryan invasion of Carphato Ukraine. Some intresting photos. Perhapse you can use google translation?

https://ideellkulturkamp.wordpress.com/ ... -och-ett-b...

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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Wed May 11, 2016 12:50 pm

Thanks for sharing that link here Henrik :up:. Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by Henrik Andersson » Sun May 15, 2016 10:05 am

tigre wrote:Thanks for sharing that link here Henrik :up:. Cheers. Raúl M 8).
https://ideellkulturkamp.wordpress.com/ ... 1939-1945/

Articel about collobration in the protektorat Böhmen und Mähren. The article is writen in swedish.

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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Sun May 15, 2016 4:11 pm

Thanks again Henrik :wink:. Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Sat May 21, 2016 5:53 am

Hello to all :D; a complement.....................

Bessarabia 1940. Military parade in Chisinau.

Source: http://www.oldpicz.com/exemption-of-bes ... 40-part-3/

Does anyone know the others in the box? Cheers. Raul M 8).
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General Zhukov giving a speech during the military parade ...........................................
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Children given flowers to Soviet troops during the military parade in Chisinau .....................................
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Re: Small conflicts in the German backyard.

Post by tigre » Sat Jun 18, 2016 6:46 am

Hello to all :D; a complement.....................

Rumania and its disputed territories.

Source: RML. Vol XX. Nº 78. Sep 1940

Cheers. Raul M 8).
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Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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