Hello to all
; a little more.............................
A brief summary of the region till 1940:
1. Period under Ottoman suzerainty as part of the principality of Moldavia covering several centuries prior to 1812.
2. Ceded to Russia by the Russo-Turkish treaty of 1812.
3. Portion west and south of the heavy line 5 returned to Moldavia and formed part of the united principality of Rumania by the Treaty of Paris in 1856.
4.This portion (west and south of the heavy line 5) returned to Russia by the Congress of Berlin in 1878.
5. Ukraine separated from Russia in 1917.
6. Bessarabia voted 27 March 1918 to unite with Rumania.
7. Union with Rumania recognized by the Treaty of Paris, 28 October 1920, ratified by Great Britain 1 January 1921, Rumania 7 April 1922, France 11 March 1924 and Italy 8 March 1927 - but all over the protest of Soviet Russia.
From September 1939, the majority of Romanian military forces were deployed between the eastern Carpathians and the Dniester River. Deployed here was the Army Group I (which had subordinated the Third and Fourth Armies), the Mountain Corps.
According to Operational Order no. 18 of June 15, 1940, the 3rd Army was to wage war on the Ceremuş and Upper Prut rivers. The fallback position was along the Rodna Mountains–Little Siret–Sihna–Jijia line of defense, with a “red line” defense in the Zupania–Prislop–Cârlibaba region. In Bessarabia, the 4th Army was to defend the Corneşti–Lower Răutul–Dniester line.
Yet, as early as the night of June 27/28, 1940, without waiting for the Romanian response, the Soviet troops crossed the border at five points. On June 28, 1940, the Romanian cities of Cernauţi, Hotin, Bălţi, Chişinău, and Cetatea Albă were already under Soviet occupation.
On the very June 28, 1940, at 7:00 hours, Romanian commanders of Army Group I of the 3rd and 4th Armies received Order No. 6006 from the Romanian High Command, informing them of the cession of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina and ordering them to evacuate several major cities (Cernauţi, Cetatea Albă, and Chişinău) on the same day.
Soviet troops were part of the Southern Front composed of: 12. Soviet Army (northern Bukovina), 9. Soviet Army and 5. Soviet Army (Bessarabia).
Source: Military News Around the world. RML Vol XX Nº 77.
Cheers. Raúl M
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.