Kampfgeschwader 77 1939.

German Luftwaffe 1935-1945.
Post Reply
User avatar
tigre
Patron
Posts: 5747
Joined: Sun Apr 10, 2005 5:42 pm
Location: Argentina

Kampfgeschwader 77 1939.

Post by tigre » Thu Nov 02, 2017 6:02 pm

Hello to all :D; something to share about it ....................................

The Kampfgeschwader 77 Aug-Sep 1939.

The Kampfgeschwader 77 (Bombing Wing) was organized on May 1, 1939 in Praha-Kbely (from the Kampfgeschwaders 153) with Stab. / KG 77 and I. Gruppe. The II. Gruppe in Brünn the same day (from the II Gruppe Kampfgeschwaders 158). The III. Gruppe (from the II Gruppe Kampfgeschwaders 255) was organized in Königgrätz (Hradec Kralove). The unit was equipped with the Do 17. The Commander was Oberst Heinrich Seywald.

The Stab / KG 77 - During the summer supervised the training activities of its Gruppen until the mobilization on August 26, 1939 when deployed in Grottkau / Silesia. On that date it had 9 (9) Do 17 E in Grottkau / Silesia under 2. Fl.Div. / Lfl. 4 (September 1, 1939). The I./KG 77 - detached to Brieg after the mobilization (42 km SE of Breslau) (August 26, 1939). It had 37 (34) Do 17 E in Brieg under 2.Fl.-Div./Lfl. 4. The II./KG 77 - was trained during the summer until the mobilization on August 26, 1939 when it deployed to Grottkau / Silesia; reported having 37 (32) Do 17 E in Grottkau / Silesia under 2. Fl.Div./Lfl. 4 (September 1, 1939). The III./KG 77 - moved to Olmütz, where it trained during the summer. After the mobilization on August 26, 1939, it moved to Brieg in Silesia. It reported that had 34 (26) Do 17 E in Brieg (42 km southeast of Breslau / Silesia) under 2. Fl.Div. / Lfl. 4 (September 1, 1939).

Leutnant Herbert Möckel and his companions of the III.Gruppe / Kampfgeschwader 77 (KG 77) were not surprised on August 31, 1939. Since mid-August, the unit had been stationed in Brieg in Upper Silesia, near the Polish border , and had trained in low-level attacks with their Dornier aircraft. The team found the exercises monotonous and this feeling spread around them. In times of inactivity, the pilots got radio receivers and listened to the daily news. Despite the tense relations between Germany and Poland, many of them doubted that a war would break out. But on the afternoon of August 31, the telephone rang. The assistant responded and it did not take many seconds before his appearance became serious. "At 04:20 tomorrow, we must be ready to start," he told the pilots. "Now everyone should go to rest immediately" ...........................

Sources: Luftflotte IV 1939 - Kagero 17.
 http://forum.12oclockhigh.net/showthread.php?t=13663
Luftwaffe över Polen 1939. Artur Szulc, militärhistorisk författare. http://www.krigsmyter.nu/smb-luftwaffe- ... n-1939.pdf
http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Gli ... KG77-R.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
image016.jpg
A Do-17 E1 of the 7./KG 77 (3Z + BR) shortly before the campaign - May 1939 ........................ ........................
[url] http://www.asisbiz.com/il2/Do-17/Do-17-KG77/images/Dornier-Do-17E1-7.KG77- (3Z + BR) -Germany-May-1939.jpg [/ url]
image016.jpg (22.64 KiB) Viewed 141 times
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

User avatar
Prosper Vandenbroucke
Contributor
Posts: 290
Joined: Wed Oct 23, 2002 12:01 pm
Location: Braine le Comte - Belgium
Contact:

Re: Kampfgeschwader 77 1939.

Post by Prosper Vandenbroucke » Fri Nov 03, 2017 10:20 am

Hi Raul,
Here below a link to a Junkers Ju 88A-4 which belonged to the Stab II./Kampfgeschwader 77 but was lost over Egypt
http://www.aircrewremembrancesociety.co ... index.html
Kindly regards
Prosper :wink: :wink:

User avatar
tigre
Patron
Posts: 5747
Joined: Sun Apr 10, 2005 5:42 pm
Location: Argentina

Re: Kampfgeschwader 77 1939.

Post by tigre » Fri Nov 03, 2017 12:41 pm

Thanks for sharing that link here Prosper :up:. Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

User avatar
tigre
Patron
Posts: 5747
Joined: Sun Apr 10, 2005 5:42 pm
Location: Argentina

Re: Kampfgeschwader 77 1939.

Post by tigre » Thu Nov 09, 2017 3:58 pm

Hello to all :D; something more ....................................

The Kampfgeschwader 77 Aug-Sep 1939.

The war came!

Leutnant Möckel woke up about two hours after midnight. The cool, healthy air of the morning made the crews move slowly. After breakfast, they went to an ordered meeting and if the crew still had doubts about what awaited them, all those thoughts were shattered at the same moment that the commander, Wolf von Stutterheim, spoke to them. "Our bombing group will attack the Krakow airport at low altitude, attack time, at 05:45." The following instructions were very well received by the pilots as it became quite evident. They were ready.

The German troops had orders to cross the Polish border at 04:45 hours. At 04:35, the 38 Dornier machines of the Herbert Möckel Group took off, and in many of the planes, the men thought about everything, in the farewell: "Today you will experience your baptism of fire". Oberst Wolf von Stutterheim could well have spoken to all the pilots, navigators and gunners who entered the hostile territory in the early hours of September 1, 1939.

The first directives on the operations of the Luftwaffe against Poland were formulated four months before the outbreak of the war. The main objective was the complete destruction of the aerodromes in the shortest possible time; so it was about exploiting the moment and eliminating the Polish air force, preferably while it was still on the ground. The most important aviation bases of the Poles were known by the High Command of the Luftwaffe (OKL), but it turned out that they lacked information about war aviation.

The evaluations indicated that a few days of concentrated air operations would be sufficient to greatly reduce the air fighting capacity of the Poles. After that, the Luftwaffe could change its focus and start collaborating with ground attacks in support of the army. In this second step, the Luftwaffe would concentrate its strength on Polish mobilization points, troop concentrations and communications. Support for the ground units in advance was included as a last priority in the Luftwaffe list, phase three, would be developed through direct support flights. Then, the pre-war plans defined the role the Luftwaffe would play in Operation Fall Weiss, the German attack on Poland. But how was it really? We'll see..............

Sources: Luftflotte IV 1939 - Kagero 17.
http://forum.12oclockhigh.net/showthread.php?t=13663
Luftwaffe över Polen 1939. Artur Szulc, militärhistorisk författare.
http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Gli ... KG77-R.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
image005.jpg
Crews of the 7./KG 77 in Königgrätz - August 1939; with an X who gave their lives in the Polish campaign ..............
https://get.google.com/albumarchive/109781830724590960368/album/AF1QipMTARSh_FBJ2XCPI80z8crpYGctXlB_aSjkn08l
image005.jpg (55.3 KiB) Viewed 116 times
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

User avatar
tigre
Patron
Posts: 5747
Joined: Sun Apr 10, 2005 5:42 pm
Location: Argentina

Re: Kampfgeschwader 77 1939.

Post by tigre » Thu Nov 16, 2017 5:37 pm

Hello to all :D; something more ....................................

The Kampfgeschwader 77 Aug-Sep 1939.

Difficult start!

The Luftwaffe began the conflict with the worst possible starting point. Over much of the Polish landscape stretched thick white fog that covered the flight routes and, in some cases, the bombing targets. The weather conditions forced a massive air effort against Warsaw and most of the bombers did not take off until the afternoon.

However, there were exceptions. The aforementioned III. Gruppe/ KG 77, despite the poor visibility, carry out its attack on Rakowice, Krakow airport. Over Krakow the weather had cleared, and the first reconnaissances had shown that the airfield was occupied. When the Mökkel bombing group approached Krakow, the sky was free of Polish fighters, but the air war had begun to warm up. The airport was attacked by several waves. First 60 Heinkel He-111, from Groups I and III of KG 4, which took off from their base in Langenau in Silesia. Then followed a bombing dive attack by the Stukas of the I./ StG 2 under the Maj. Oskar Dinort on hangars and runways, after which the two groups of bombers of KG 77 could not fail to detect the target, marked as it was by fires and columns of smoke. This, however, prevented the vision, so when it was the turn of the III Gruppe, its leader, Oberst Wolfgang von Stutterheim, ordered them to do it at a low level. Flying over the airfield at just 150 feet, the Dornier Do-17 E "Flying Pencils" tended a line of 100-pound bombs along the runway, and seconds later they exploded into the concrete. When the KG 77 landed in Brieg, many of its aircraft were damaged, not by the enemy bombs, much less by the fighters, but by their own splinters flying towards them.

The German pilots reported that the air effort had been a success in which 70 Polish aircraft, including several modern fighters, were destroyed. But really the Germans were not so effective in their attack. Most of the 28 aircraft destroyed were instructional aircraft or machines out of service. Only two modern P.23 Karas aircraft had been destroyed.

Sources: Luftflotte IV 1939 - Kagero 17.
http://forum.12oclockhigh.net/showthread.php?t=13663
Luftwaffe över Polen 1939. Artur Szulc, militärhistorisk författare.
http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Gli ... KG77-R.htm

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
image048.jpg
A flight of Do-17 E of the KG 77 heading towards the assigned target ....................................
image048.jpg (24.36 KiB) Viewed 96 times
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

User avatar
tigre
Patron
Posts: 5747
Joined: Sun Apr 10, 2005 5:42 pm
Location: Argentina

Re: Kampfgeschwader 77 1939.

Post by tigre » Thu Nov 23, 2017 3:37 pm

Hello to all :D; something more ....................................

The Kampfgeschwader 77 Aug-Sep 1939.

Difficult start!

Here we find contradictory information because according to Polish sources around 06:00 hours on that September 1, 1939 from the Balice airfield, near Krakow, took off two P.11 piloted by Cpt. Medwecki and 2nd Lieutenant Gnys. The plane of Cpt. Medwecki fell under fire from Leutnant Frank Neubert's Ju-87B and was shot down killing the pilot, but Gnys escaped and managed to intercept a Do-17 E bomber formation from the KG 77 and downed two aircraft from the 7. / KG 77 that fell to land in the vicinity of the village of Zurada near Olkutz. As a result of this action the members of both crews perished. These planes were the first to be shot down by an allied pilot in the war that had just begun.

However for the Germans the two planes of the 7. / KG 77 fell victims of the fire of the antiaircraft artillery. Another machine of the 8. / KG 77 crashed near Oppeln (Opole) due to the damage produced by the splinters of its own bombs when attacking at low altitude (as we saw earlier).

Sources: Luftflotte IV 1939 - Kagero 17.
The Luftwaffe War Diaries. Cajus Bekker.
http://forum.12oclockhigh.net/showthread.php?t=13663
Luftwaffe över Polen 1939. Artur Szulc, militärhistorisk författare.
http://www.lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de/Gli ... KG77-R.htm
https://get.google.com/albumarchive/109 ... B_aSjkn08l

Any other data about casualties suffered by the KG 77 on the first day? Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
image003.jpg
Part of the fuselage of the Do-17 E 3Z + FR of the KG 77 .....................................................
image003.jpg (24.14 KiB) Viewed 72 times
image005.jpg
Four German airmen met the death - Krakow September 1, 1939 .....................................................
image005.jpg (33.54 KiB) Viewed 72 times
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

User avatar
tigre
Patron
Posts: 5747
Joined: Sun Apr 10, 2005 5:42 pm
Location: Argentina

Re: Kampfgeschwader 77 1939.

Post by tigre » Fri Dec 08, 2017 12:09 pm

Hello to all :D; something more ....................................

The Kampfgeschwader 77 Aug-Sep 1939.

Difficult start!

Apart from Cracow, there were Stuka attacks on the airfields of Katowitz and Wadowice, while the II./KG 77 attacked Krosno and Moderowka, also when further troop movements in the Wielun area were reported, a bomber Gruppe, the I./KG 77 under Major Balk, was ordered to continue the work of annihilation. However there were no cavalrymen in Wielun, the bombing did great damage to the civilian population and almost totally destroyed the city.

The objectives of the Oberst Seywald's Bombing Group (KG 77) during the afternoon of that first day of war were Jaslo, Krosno and Przemysl.

Sources: Luftflotte IV 1939 - Kagero 17.
The Luftwaffe War Diaries. Cajus Bekker.
Luftwaffe över Polen 1939. Artur Szulc, militärhistorisk författare.

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
image006.jpg
Ground crew preparing the bombs to be loaded in a Do-17 E .................................
image006.jpg (48.19 KiB) Viewed 32 times
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

User avatar
tigre
Patron
Posts: 5747
Joined: Sun Apr 10, 2005 5:42 pm
Location: Argentina

Re: Kampfgeschwader 77 1939.

Post by tigre » Sat Dec 16, 2017 5:11 pm

Hello to all :D; something more ....................................

The Kampfgeschwader 77 Aug-Sep 1939.

Difficult start!

The Luftwaffe's efforts on the first day of the war revealed that Polish fighters did not interfere with German air operations. The Polish plane P.11c was slow and little armed, in addition, they were very few. But General Albert Kesselring, Commander of the Luftflotte 1, reported that the enemy's air force had escaped the initial attack and could not be located. In the following days both Luftflotten continued to attack the Polish airfields with meager results ..................

Therefore the orders issued for September 2 specified: "Luftflotten 1 and 4 will continue hostilities against the enemy air force ... Special surveillance will resume on the air bases adjacent to Warsaw, Deblin and Posen ..." At dawn Luftflotte 4 was still continuing its air offensive, so the first order issued for the 2./ZG 76 was to provide cover to the Do-17 bombers of the III./KG 77 in flight to Lodz. Around 09:00 hours the 1. / ZG 76 giving aerial cover to the Do-17 of the I./ KG 77 rejected an attack by several Polish fighters. The attack carried out by the KG 77 against the Radom-Sadkow aerodrome was particularly successful .........

Beginning at dawn on September 3, 1939, and continuing through the next day, German bombers and dive bombers carried out a series of attacks aimed at immobilizing the Polish railway system. On this day Polish pilots of the III / 2 DM destroyed a Do-17 E bomber from the Staff of KG 77 near Olkusz ...............

Sources: Luftflotte IV 1939 - Kagero 17.
The Luftwaffe War Diaries. Cajus Bekker.
Luftwaffe över Polen 1939. Artur Szulc, militärhistorisk författare.

Cheers. Raúl M 8).

Feliz Navidad - Feliz Natal - Frohe Weihnachten - Joyeux Noël - Merry Christmas - Wesołych Świąt!. :up:
Attachments
image016.jpg
Ground crew in maintenance tasks on a Do-17 E of KG 77 .................................................
Original photo album of Kampfgeschwader 77 (KG 77), Pollen u. to. (about 155 photos)
image016.jpg (71.24 KiB) Viewed 4 times
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

Post Reply

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest

cron