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; a little on this........................................
Kanalkampf - Stukas against convoys 1940.
Following the conclusion of the campaign in the West, over the men of the Luftwaffe fell a real rain of awards and promotions. Göring, was promoted to the rank of Marshal of the Reich (created exclusively for him) and the two commanders of the Luftflotte II and III, Kesselring and Sperrle were promoted to the rank of General Marshals.
The Luftwaffe had amply fulfilled it joint role within the German operational strategy and its tactical tasks in Poland, Norway and the West had been a complete success; but there was still an enemy: England and against it would be launched for the first time the air force executing actions with independence and means that were not suited to the new requirements, but still it took the challenge.
While it had a number of good bases on the southern coast of the channel, the operation against the island was not planned, prepared and organized so it was decided that while the aerial operations aimed to achieve air supremacy over the English skies was planned in detail it was ordered to carry forward what was called the Battle of the Canal (Kanalkampf).
To this end the OKW issued its order of 2 July 1940 setting the following objectives:
a) intercept British shipping in the English Channel and
b) Sweeping of British planes in the airspace over the Canal.
The Stukas units that took part in this phase of the battle were the IV (St) / LG; I and III./ St G 1; III./ St G 51 (later II./ St G 1); I-III./ St G 2; I. / St G 3 and G St I-III./ 77. In four weeks of operations were sunk 40,640 tons of merchant ships and three destroyers and the dive bombers (Stukas) had much involvement in it, hence while the story tells that the Stukas's squadrons were bleed in the Battle of Britain, this type of aircraft was one of the most efficient in anti-ship missions against maritime traffic. This phase resulted in the stopping of daytime maritime traffic in the channel.
Sources: Against the Radar and the Canal. The Third Reich. Tomo IV. ANESA 1975.
Der Luftkrieg in Europe from 1939 to 1941. Ulf Balke.
Der Zweite Weltkrieg. Janusz Piekalkiewicz.
Hitler's Stuka Squadrons: The JU 87 at War 1936-1945. John Ward
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Cheers. Raul M
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.