Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Jul 20, 2022 10:55 am

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Stauffenberg - pre-war period.

Providence - Abitur (high school diploma) and officer training.

Claus von Stauffenberg's next goal was to become a general staff officer. But before that, maneuvers were on the training program, in May 1930 in Munsterlager; In mid-September on the Main and on the Saale, with the crowning conclusion of a parade gallop in line in front of the Reich President, Field Marshal von Hindenburg.

Claus von Stauffenberg's cavalry regiment had made a name for itself, in which his company crossed the deep Saale without any aid and successfully fell in the rear of the infantry and the artillery standing far to the rear, the so-called "red side".

On November 15, 1930, Leutnant Count Claus von Stauffenberg became engaged to Nina Freiin von Lerchenfeld, daughter of a former royal Bavarian chamberlain and imperial consul-general associated with the regiment. Claus von Stauffenberg quoted his mother-in-law to Frederick the Great as saying that for an officer a woman was a necessary evil. Warriors should not marry, but at least the needs of family and offspring must be satisfied in peace.

Thirteen years after the First World War, the German Reich was still under the supervision of the victorious powers. Not only in the Reichswehr did this fact feel humiliating in view of the much larger armies of small neighboring states such as Poland and Czechoslovakia, which was allied with France against Germany and which alone had more than 600,000 men under arms, while Germany was not allowed to train any reservists at all.

In these years between 1930 and 1932, Claus von Stauffenberg and his regimental comrade von Pezold secretly trained SA men in nightly field service exercises, as they did everywhere in the Reichswehr. The collapse of the world economy in 1929 also had serious economic, social and political consequences in Germany. In 1932, unemployment exposed millions of people to impoverishment. Many had to live on sixty cents a day per person.

Leutnant Graf von Stauffenberg now believed more than his brothers that the National Socialists would make Germany strong again. The Weimar Republic offers no opportunities to do so. Article 22 of the NSDAP party program called for the formation of a large people's army, which naturally fascinated part of the officer corps.

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... gszeit.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Jul 27, 2022 8:27 am

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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years

The generation in Military movement

Even before 1933, Claus von Stauffenberg was regarded by his comrades as a supporter of the Hitler movement. Oberstleutnant Stieff, Major Oster, Hauptmann von Treskow, Oberstleutnant Mertz von Quirnheim and Stauffenberg's cousin Oberleunant d.R. von Hofacker, all of whom were later killed in the conspiracy against Hitler, advocated the "national movement". After Hitler's appointment as Reich Chancellor, "the inner connection between the Reichswehr and the national movement" was taken for granted.

In the Stauffenberg family, as in many other families, there were supporters and opponents of the new regime at the time. Nikolaus Graf Üxküll joined the NSDAP on May 1, 1933, hoping for unity and a resurgent Germany. His sister Alexandrine, Superior of the Red Cross, also joined the party at the same time. Franz Freiherr von Stauffenberg became a "party boss" in 1937. Stauffenberg's uncle Berthold, on the other hand, cursed Hitler.

When they tried to force him to hoist the swastika banner instead of his family flag at his Schloss Greifenstein, he took revenge in his own way, had a tall fir tree felled and placed in the pig run with a tiny swastika flag.

On September 26, 1933, Claus von Stauffenberg, who had meanwhile been promoted to Oberleutnant, married Freiin Nina von Lerchenfeld in Bamberg. Despite Stauffenberg's closeness to the Nazis, he nevertheless maintained an inner distance, albeit out of pure soldierly thinking.

He did not join in the jubilation when it was ordered that the imperial eagle with a swastika be worn on uniforms in the future. He described it as "making contempt for the old cockade" and "unworthy of elevating a party badge to the national emblem of the state."

His deep friendship with Stefan George also gave cause for protest: Der Stürmer, the anti-Semitic inflammatory newspaper by Gauleiter Julius Streicher, wrote: "George's poetry is similar to Jewish Dadaism and his real name is Heinrich Abele". Stauffenberg protested publicly: "Since it is so easy for errors and indisciplines on the part of inferior Nazis to become state law, or at least to be regarded as such, it is simply high time they turned them on to themselves."

On October 6, 1936, Claus von Stauffenberg began his studies at the War Academy in Berlin. He lived with his wife and his sons Berthold and Heimeran, who were born in 1934 and 1936, at Waltharistraße 20 in Berlin-Wannsee. His brother Berthold and his wife lived nearby in Wilmersdorf, his cousin Caesar von Hofacker in Steglitz and his uncle Count Üxküll in Zehlendorf. In his uncle's house, Stauffenberg often and passionately discussed military policy with Fritz-Dietlof Graf von der Schulenburg, who was still deputy chief of police in Berlin at the time.

In addition to general staff training, Stauffenberg thought a lot about global economic issues, read English newspapers and was actually more interested in politics than in military affairs. At the end of the first year of the Academy, Claus von Stauffenberg's class undertook a general staff trip to the East Prussian battlefields of 1914/1915, Tannenberg and Gummbinnen. Still influenced by the impressions of the trip, he wrote to his friend Franz Mehnert: "The most important and obligatory memorial, the graves of German soldiers scattered all over the country". The Marienburg of the German Order of Knights: "A late but real testimony of the empire".

In early November 1937, Berthold von Stauffenberg's son Alfred was born; on December 20th there was a christening in Lautlingen, where Claus von Stauffenberg acted as godfather and gave the after-dinner speech. He spoke of the family's loyalty to the state and sovereign; With the words of his grandfather: "It doesn't matter what you do, but that you do it decently and honor your name" he underpinned his baptismal speech.

All of the Stauffenbergs tried to live up to the tradition of their family, each of the brothers in his own way. It was a family in which one was or became something. Wealth and upbringing influenced how the Stauffenbergs thought and felt. Symptoms of the change in the present also did the rest until the fateful hour of July 20, 1944. In the meantime, Berthold von Stauffenberg was working on the prey law of August 28, 1939, which was in effect throughout the war. Since then his specialty has been the law of the sea.

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... stunde.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Aug 03, 2022 8:53 am

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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years

Since 5:45 a.m. we returned the fire.

When war broke out, he (Berthold von Stauffenberg) became Intendanturrat (civilian official in administrative services) of the Department of International Law of the 1st Department of Naval Warfare Headquarters in the Kriegsmarine High Command. Here he also met the lawyer Helmuth James Graf von Moltke, who opposed the National Socialists.

From September 1939, Moltke worked as a war administrator in Vice Admiral Bürkner's "Foreign Office Group" in the "Foreign Defense" office headed by Admiral Canaris in the Wehrmacht High Command. Like Berthold von Stauffenberg, he was a member of the "Martial Law Preliminary Committee". An employee of this committee later wrote that Berthold von Stauffenberg had prevented a great deal of injustice simply by his very existence and because he was able to convince the Supreme Naval Staff over and over again that war was relatively decent with the calm demeanor of the.

Before his father, Alfred Graf von Stauffenberg, died on December 20, 1936, he again held his children responsible and made them swear repeatedly by the splendor and greatness of the Stauffenberg family. In 1936, Berthold von Stauffenberg married Marie Classen, a marriage that was only possible after the death of his father.

Shortly after, Alexander Graf Stauffenberg also married Melitta Schiller on August 11, 1937 in Berlin-Wilmersdorf. His father came from a respected Jewish family in Odessa. Melitta had moved to Germany before World War I and studied mathematics and physics. In 1927 she graduated in Munich with a diploma and pilot's exams. Until the end of the war, she dealt with aerodynamic problems and tested dive bombing devices at the German Research Institute for Aviation in Berlin-Adlershof.

Before and during the war, she made more than two thousand dives with the Ju-87 and Ju-88 dive bombers. As a fearless aviator and outstanding engineer, she was recognized as a Flugkapitän in 1936, she was awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class (EK II) in 1943 and was nominated for the Iron Cross 1st Class (EK I). Alexander Graf von Stauffenberg and Melitta Schiller kept their relationship secret for a long time for reasons of "Aryan" laws.

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... rjahre.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Aug 10, 2022 9:48 am

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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years.

Shortly after the marriage, Berthold Graf von Stauffenberg rose to the forefront of German lawyers. His twin brother, Professor Alexander Graf von Stauffenberg, had become one of the best-known and intrepid German historians since the Historikertag in 1937. Rittmeister Claus von Stauffenberg, on the other hand, had made a name for himself with military studies. . Due to the imminent threat of war in the Sudetenland Crisis, the usual assignments for War Academy graduates did not last as long as before. Therefore Rittmeister Graf von Stauffenberg was only deployed for ten days in Göppingen and one week with the air force in Giessen. Shortly after, on August 1, 1938, he was assigned to the General Staff as Second Staff Officer (I b) of the 1. Light Division in Wuppertal. A new armored division was organized here.

Stauffenberg's tasks included peacetime troop supply, mobilization, press, internal affairs, counterintelligence, construction, and equipping. Stauffenberg's office door was always open. Anyone could walk in without announcing or talking to him.

He was often seen sitting behind his desk with a smile on his face and smoking a Brazilian cigar, informal and anything but appropriate for the rank of an officer. In this prewar period, Claus von Stauffenberg often spoke of Hitler as a petty bourgeois whose subject he could not be. "One shouldn't interpret it as arrogance, but his family tradition just didn't allow it."

In reality, Claus von Stauffenberg thought of an independent leadership of the nation by the army, without Hitler and the National Socialists. He also casually but seriously said to acquaintances, "The fool makes war." He spoke of the losses of the First World War and the danger to a people who suffered such losses twice in the same generation.

Mortal danger for Germany.

Then, on September 1, 1939, Stauffenberg went to war with his 1st Light Division: the Polish campaign had begun! Stauffenberg reported on September 10: "It gives the impression that we have won a great battle. At the moment the Poles are still trying to break through, which will probably result in some losses for us, but will no longer be of much help. ... It can be a new Tannenberg again." When Stauffenberg returned from the Polish campaign, he was just as surprised by the victory as the other young officers. From the beginning of November Stauffenberg, meanwhile Hauptmann im Generalstab, lived in anticipation of the march to the Western Front.

Nikolaus Graf von Üxküll, Stauffenberg's uncle, and von Schulenburg saw the continuation of the war as a deadly threat to Germany. Üxküll said at the time: "Hitler must be arrested and tried." Many Germans had similar thoughts at the time.

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... rjahre.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Aug 17, 2022 3:30 pm

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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years.

The bomb is ticking - Georg Elser is serious

But only one person put his ideas into practice at the time: Georg Elser. He mistrusted Hitler from the start. After the Sudeten Crisis in 1938, Elser decided to kill Hitler. He wants to improve the conditions of the working class and prevent a war.

The thought of getting rid of the Nazi leadership did not let him rest at that time and as early as autumn 1938 he made the firm decision to prepare a bomb attack. Johann Georg Elser was born on January 4, 1903 in Hermaringen/Württemberg, the son of a farmer and timber merchant. Elser is a talented inventor and a perfectionist in his work. After the assassination, Elser was "proven" as a special prisoner so that, after winning the war, he could be sentenced in a major trial as a puppet for foreign secret services.

On April 6, 1945, the cynical command was given to the management of the concentration camp in Dachau that Elser should "die in one of the next bombing raids" so that he would not fall into enemy hands. On November 8, 1939, Elser installed the bomb in Munich's Bürgerbraukeller without being noticed. In the evening of November 9, Hitler comes and speaks to his enthusiastic followers. The Elser bomb is ticking behind his back.

But Hitler is in a hurry. He speaks shorter than usual, wants to go back to Berlin. Three months earlier, German troops marched into Poland, and now Hitler is planning an attack on France. 9:07 p.m.: Hitler leaves the Bürgerbraukeller with the entire leadership team. 13 minutes later the bomb exploded.

Punctual and precise as planned by Elser. But only at the wrong time. The ceiling of the room falls down. Where Hitler's lectern stood, a meter-high heap of rubble piled up. Elser missed his target by seven minutes.

Eight people, including a waitress, died and 63 people were injured, some seriously. Elser was arrested on the evening of the attack and taken as a "special prisoner" first to Sachsenhausen concentration camp and then to Dachau. He was probably shot in Dachau on April 9, 1945. The failed assassination attempt strengthened Hitler's belief that he was chosen by Providence.

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... rjahre.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Aug 24, 2022 10:04 am

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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years.

Prodigy in the General Staff

On May 24, Stauffenberg wrote to Lautlingen that he had had coffee with Rippentropp. The chancellor had "made an acceptable impression, but he was definitely not a big lion." Rippentropp took this opportunity to visit the SS-Standarte "Deutschland" in which his son Rudolf served.

To his own regret, Claus von Stauffenberg was transferred to the Organization Department of the General Staff of the Army in the middle of the French campaign. However, the transfer was a recognition of Stauffenberg's achievements. During the campaign, his division played a decisive role in the success of operations in the West. Claus von Stauffenberg now considered the war essentially won. "Hitler made a mistake in the Dunkirk siege, he will not repeat it," Stauffenberg said confidently.

At that time, there was little criticism of Claus von Stauffenberg, considered the child prodigy of the General Staff. His habit of interrupting his evening work and reciting a George poem contributed to his reputation as an extraordinary and intellectual man, but some found his engagement with Stefan George's poetry precious.

On July 31, 1940, Hitler ordered preparations to be made for the attack on Russia. Berthold Graf Stauffenberg wrote to his wife: "No one believes in the campaign against England anymore. The war will probably now run in a different direction."

However, Hauptmann Claus von Stauffenberg of the General Staff exuded confidence. In mid-November he spent a few days in Bamberg, where his wife gave birth to a daughter on her 33rd birthday. On January 1, 1941, Stauffenberg was promoted to Major in the General Staff (im Generalstab).

From mid-February 1941, German troops under Generalleutnant Rommel fought British troops in Libya. On April 6 the campaign against Greece and at the same time against Yugoslavia began, on May 20 the airborne operation over Crete. Stauffenberg's cousin, Count Alfred, was part of the parachute assault regiment that parachuted into Crete. On June 22, 1941, the attack on Russia began.

Sources: https://web.archive.org/web/20060618193 ... rjahre.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Aug 31, 2022 10:27 am

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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years.

The Reich in triumphal frenzy

Helmut James Graf Moltke, now War Administrator in the Foreign/Defense Office at the Wehrmacht High Command, met with a cousin of Stauffenberg's from Wilflingen, Hans Christoph Freiherr von Stauffenberg, in early September: a meeting initiated by Stauffenberg's relative. Directed by Karl Ludwig Freiherr von Guttenberg, Moltke was secretly looking for comrades-in-arms to prepare for the fall of the National Socialist dictatorship.

He told von Guttenberg: "You have a cousin at Führer Headquarters. Couldn't you do anything with him?" When asked about it, Claus von Stauffenberg declared: "First we have to win the war." Even in the stream of victories, he expected to "behave within the law."

Then, on November 9, 1941, the Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Field Marshal von Brauchitsch, suffered a severe heart attack. Hitler immediately took advantage of this fact, dismissing his Supreme Army Commander and at the same time assuming direct command of it. The Bohemian corporal from World War I was now the highest-ranking soldier in the German Army.

Claus von Stauffenberg wrote to his mother-in-law that the resignation of the commander-in-chief of the army was not so serious, because the Führer had long reserved the decision on almost all questions of the war for himself, that was "in the nature of such an outstanding and strong-willed personality. This statement was the last positive image that Claus von Stauffenberg was able to paint of Hitler.

In April 1942 his opinion of him changed drastically. He was outraged by the inhumane treatment of the civilian population in Russia, the mass murder of so-called racially inferior people, especially Jews, and the deaths of millions of Red Army soldiers who were prisoners of war.

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... rjahre.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Sep 07, 2022 11:00 am

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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years.

Cracks in Hitler's Reich

He picked up more and more information about a camp in Auschwitz where Jews were burned in ovens and killed in gas chambers. Front-line officers assured him how SS members rounded up Jews in a Ukrainian village, took them out to a field, had their own mass graves dug, and then shot them. Characterized by this horrible information, Claus von Stauffenberg often spoke in private circles about the need to overthrow Hitler.

He referred to his honor as an officer and to the greatest and most important philosopher of the High Middle Ages, Thomas Aquinas, who had declared tyrannicide to be permissible and meritorious under certain conditions. Stauffenberg continued to work so hard to get rid of Hitler that his presence on the General Staff became unsettling and dangerous to his comrades and associates at the time. Stauffenberg soon said himself that it was about time he got out of here.

He wrote to his wife that "he would have to retire to the front for a while". Generaloberst Zeitzler then ordered Stauffenberg's deployment to the front in the fall of 1942. Stauffenberg came to Africa, where he immediately told his divisional commander, Generalmajor von Broich, that the ground in Germany had "slowly become a little too hot" for him. Now he was moving again, literally on hot ground in hotly contested Africa, where he was severely wounded during a frontline action.

At the Chabita-Khetati Pass, Stauffenberg was caught in an inferno of burning vehicles and fighter-bomber fire, and this was almost his last hour. The burning vehicles, which were repeatedly targeted by the fighter-bombers, were easy prey for the pilots. The dead and wounded could no longer be recovered and ammunition exploded. Standing in his Horch Kübelwagen, Stauffenberg drove back and forth between the attacked units and gave instructions to lead them out of the low-flying trap.

Then Stauffenberg's vehicle was shot at and Stauffenberg was seriously injured. He was immediately transported to Feldlazarett 200 near Sfax. The right hand was amputated above the wrist, the little and ring fingers of the left hand and the left eye also had to be amputated. Stauffenberg was later transferred to the Kriegslazarett 950 in Tunis-Carthage. Via Livorno, Stauffenberg was taken to the Reserve-Lazarett München I in the hospital train. A stream of relatives, friends and comrades passed through the Munich hospital room.

During the long weeks in the hospital, von Stauffenberg was repeatedly heard to say: "We have to save Germany" and "As general staff officers, we all share responsibility." So far his goal of carrying out the overthrow under the leadership of the army has ended in disappointment. In the years 1939 to 1942, Claus von Stauffenberg was not enthusiastic about the existing predominantly civilian conspiracy. What he knew about it was also only superficial and did not inspire much confidence in him.

Many of the resisters were in prison, while others were under constant surveillance by the Secret State Police (Gestapo). Most of those involved were non-soldiers, politicians and civilians who did not belong to Stauffenberg's circle of friends. Before Claus von Stauffenberg joined the active resistance, many of those involved tried in vain to advance a plan for a coup, despite two assassination attempts.

Fritz-Dietlof Graf von der Schulenburg, whose calls for the direct overthrow of Hitler Stauffenberg had previously avoided, was now, in 1943, in the middle of the attempted coup. After the Stalingrad disaster and the resistance of the Scholl siblings and their execution in Munich, rumors of a coup circulated again in 1943, which made those in power nervous. During an interrogation, an arrested officer who had made rebellious speeches told the Gestapo that Graf von Schulenburg was looking for "reliable" officers for coup efforts.

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... rjahre.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Sep 14, 2022 7:00 am

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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years.

Germany is headed towards catastrophe.

At 2:30 a.m. on April 2, Schulenburg was also arrested. Von der Schulenburg referred to his former party affiliation and his position, denied everything, and was released from prison that morning. Three days later, the group around Generalmajor Oster, Dohnanyi, Dietrich Bonhoeffer and Joseph in the OKW Foreign/Defense Office (Abwehr) was broken up by the arrest of Dohnanyi, Bonhoeffer and Müller. The Gestapo had uncovered monetary crimes related to the group's efforts to allow Jewish families to flee to Switzerland.

In 1943 the carousel of the conspiracy was spinning at full speed. Schulenburg urged that initiatives be finally taken. It turned out, however, that there was not even agreement on the where and how of the assassination in the "central leadership of the resistance". Meanwhile, the last major German offensive in the east (Operation Zitadelle) failed at the Kursk Panzer Offensive.

On July 10, nine Allied divisions landed in Sicily; therefore, the German southern flank was in danger. On July 13, Hitler ordered the Battle of Kursk to be abandoned. The forces of the eastern front will withdraw to the west, as was the case during World War I, when the Imperial General Staff had also tried in vain to prevent imminent defeat by moving troops.

The Oberst in the General Staff Hennig von Treskow, First General Staff Officer in the High Command of Army Group Center, had been trying for a long time to persuade his Commander-in-Chief, Field Marshal von Kluge, and Field Marshal von Manstein, to support the new coup plans, because time was becoming increasingly scarce and the imminent defeat of Germany in World War II was imminent.

It was a tough fight. The former mayor of Leipzig, Goerdeler, also tried to promote the overthrow through Generaloberst Guderian and Field Marshal von Manstein. But it failed. Guderian received a 947-hectare estate worth 1,230,011 Reichsmarks as a gift from Hitler. One could not expect anything from Field Marshal von Rundstedt, Commander-in-Chief in the West. He had also accepted money from Hitler. However, he let the conspirators know that they could do whatever they wanted, as long as they didn't play as the old Hindenburg.

Treskow went back to the front. In Berlin Margarethe von Oven, who worked as a secretary in the command of Army Group Center, became his messenger for the Berlin conspirators. When von Treskow told Field Marshal Kluge: "Hitler must go," Kluge replied that he could not bring himself to do so. The Field Marshal had also received 250,000 Reichsmarks from Hitler. Treskow now revealed how disreputable the gift of money would be if he didn't do anything about the ruin of Germany, and Kluge said impulsively: "Children, you've got me!"

At the end of July 1943 the coup d'etat seemed imminent. Treskow came to Berlin and reported that Kluge was now also "determined" - convinced by the failure of the Kursk offensive, the catastrophic lack of replacements and also by the accusation that he had taken money from Hitler for his sixtieth birthday.

Kluge would order the commander of the reserve army to fill key positions in the government. On the same day the order was issued: - "to be transported immediately by special couriers!" - To the deputy general commands and Wehrmacht commands for the rapid deployment of combat alarm units throughout the home area and in the occupied areas in the event of "internal unrest": Keyword "Valkyrie".

The processing for the needs of the overthrow in Berlin Military District III according to Stauffenberg's instructions began immediately. Treskow now said to his wife: "I'm glad that there is finally someone at home who takes things into their own hands and doesn't let everything seep away into a thousand channels, as has happened before."

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... rjahre.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Sep 21, 2022 12:40 pm

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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years.

In early August 1943, von Treskow told Goerdeler: "In 1944 the Russians will definitely be on the border with East Prussia." Goerdeler then asked his friend, the Swedish banker Jakob Wallenberg, to sound out Churchill's willingness to join forces with post-Hitler Germany against Bolshevism. "Assuming that the assassination were carried out quickly, Wallenberg should propose to the Anglo-Americans that they not seriously bomb Berlin and Stuttgart (for Robert Bosch, who was Goerdeler's mentor) and Leipzig - for Goedeler they were the centers of the subversive movement - until October 15, 1943".

But the planned assassination was delayed. Stauffenberg met Count Schwein von Schwanenfeld, Eduard Brückelmeier, Eugen Gerstenmaier, Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, Jens Peter Jensen, Ulrich von Hassel, Johannes Popitz, Herman Maass, Julius Ueber, Wilhelm Leuschner, Jakob Kaiser, and Max Habermann while planning the assassination. New plans for a coup under conditions of conspiracy were discussed, formulated and written, discarded and revised again.

In the "Appeal to the German People" written at the time, it now said: Hitler had not been called by the German people, but had risen to the top of the government "through intrigues of the worst kind", and at the head of the regime has brought enormous waste, debt and scarcity to Germany and, in order to remain in power, has established a reign of terror, defied divine mandates, destroyed justice and destroyed the happiness of millions.

The honor and dignity, the freedom and life of others considered null and void, the good name of Germany stained by cruel mass murders, the people plunged into disgrace, the brave soldiers brought to their ruin with their presumed genius general; Hitler betrayed the German people and their soul by totally perverting the law, by flouting the noble demands that the public interest should prevail over self-interest, and by shameless corruption. Hitler broke the oaths he had taken ten years earlier countless times by violating human and divine rights.

“We would not be worthy of our parents, we would be despised by our children if we did not have the courage to do everything, absolutely everything, to take away from us the terrible danger and regain our respect for ourselves. The principle of Acting for reasons of conscience and to save honor was thus placed before all considerations of purpose”.

The provisional goals of the new government apply until the German people can decide on them. The objective of the new government is "the true community of the people based on respect, help and social justice", justice and freedom, that is, the restoration of the fundamental rights of the person guaranteed in the constitution, cleanliness in the government and administration and the restoration of the honor of the Germans in the community of peoples.

The guilty ones who desecrated the good reputation of the German people and brought so much misfortune to the Germans and other peoples will be punished. The new government wanted to "end the hopelessness that this war would have to go on indefinitely"; fight for a just peace with peaceful cooperation between peoples. Everyone must do their duty to save the motherland.”

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... rjahre.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Sep 28, 2022 7:18 am

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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years.

We want a different Germany

At the same time, an "Appeal to the Wehrmacht" was drawn up by Beck, Treskow and Stauffenberg. Colonel-General Beck was to declare therein, as Regent and Supreme Commander of the Wehrmacht, that the belief of the soldiers in a just war to make amends for the injustice done to Germany after the First World War and to secure freedom had been unscrupulously misused by the previous government, misused for immoderate goals, Conquests and exploitation of the subjugated countries and peoples.

The previous leadership, it was said here, had never been able to achieve peace with the other peoples, instead sowing hatred everywhere. Hitler had presumed to be a general, although he had never "learned the various steps of hard military service" to command an army of millions; "Through stubbornness, incompetence and excessiveness" he caused the Wehrmacht the heaviest avoidable casualties, the destruction of the 6th Army in Stalingrad, the collapse of the operations in North Africa and the futile casualties in Sicily. "Hundreds of thousands of good soldiers paid for the presumption and vanity of one individual with life, health or loss of freedom.

Many higher leaders resigned, some died, others were eliminated because they had warned or did not want to take responsibility for the "unscrupulous, incompetent leadership". Things shouldn't go on like this if you didn't want to be condemned by the youth, your own children, because you didn't have the courage to save your fatherland. Finally: "We have to act because - and this weighs most heavily in your back - crimes were committed that stain the shield of honor of the German people and damage their good reputation in the world."

In the end, the appeal promised that the supreme commander would only demand victims who were necessary for defence, that with the help of knowledgeable men he would strive for a lasting compromise with all peoples, and that he would reintroduce justice and decency behind the front. A shortened version of the same thoughts, headlined "German Soldiers!" was written for the designated Commander-in-Chief of the Wehrmacht, Field Marshal von Witzleben.

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... rjahre.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Oct 05, 2022 3:19 pm

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Stauffenberg - fateful hour

Hitler has to go

Until the assassination attempt on July 20, 1944, various officers tried in vain to kill Hitler. Once Schlabrendorff, Oberst von Kleist, Hauptmann Eggert, Oberstleutnant von Voß, Major von Oertzen, Rittmeister von Breitenbusch and Oberstleutnant von Boddien wanted to shoot Hitler with pistols at the same time.

But Hitler could not be persuaded to visit Army Group Center's front as planned. Or at another time, at a briefing at Hitler's Berghof, where the SS suddenly refused entry to the officers and this assassination attempt also failed. They had to turn around and leave the Berghof with the bomb at the ready. Meanwhile, the subversive movement lost Admiral Canaris, the Chief of Defense (Abwehr) who supported it. The Gestapo and the SS secret service were on his heels too much. There wasn't much he could do for the resisters without directly endangering them.

A parallel episode that would later become even more significant: At the end of June 1944, Generalleutnant von Hase reprimanded a certain Major Remmer when the guard battalion under his command participated in a Goebel's summer celebration instead of participating in the firefighting tasks after an air raid on Berlin.

When the conspirator Count Helldorf, now Berlin's chief of police, later warned von Hase that Remmer was a Nazi: "Remmer wears the gold Hitler Youth badge on his uniform," he was not listened to. Generalleutnant von Hase was convinced that Remmer would carry out "Valkyrie orders" like any other Wehrmacht commander. On July 6, 1944, Stauffenberg again participated in two special meetings at the "Berghof".

It was here that Stauffenberg presented the "Valkyrie Plan" to Hitler. Hitler approved the plan and ruled that the Supreme Military Commanders would exercise all military and civilian power, including over all Gauleiters. This paved the way for the internal overthrow of Hitler. But new obstacles arose: Field Marshals von Kluge and Rommel insisted to Generaloberst Beck that Göring and Himmler must be eliminated at the same time as Hitler.

The demands of the army commanders, who had recently begun plans for a coup, were not without foundation. But it was extremely rare for Himmler and Goering to be present with Hitler at the same time. Stauffenberg later ignored this precondition. Everyone felt Claus von Stauffenberg's tension, his nerves were on edge.

On July 16, 1944, his brother Berthold, Fritz-Dietloff Graf Schulenburg, Trott, Hofacker, Mertz, Schwerin and Hansen met near Stauffenberg in Wannsee. They talked about solutions and an alternative to the assassination after the previous failures and disappointments. Everyone was worn down, not to mention the constant risk of being spotted and arrested.

A day later, Rommel was seriously injured in a low-flying attack on the western front. On the same day, the Reich Security Main Office decided to arrest Goerderler. Stauffenberg learned that he was to return to the "Wolfschanze" on July 20, 1944 to report Hitler. Now the die was cast. Claus von Stauffenberg's driver, Schweitzer, had to pick up a briefcase fromOberstleutnant Fritz von der Lanken in Potsdam.

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... stunde.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Oct 12, 2022 9:00 am

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Stauffenberg - fateful hour

Rommel decides against Hitler.

It was the briefcase with the explosives that the Oberstleutnant had to keep between assassination attempts. Meanwhile, Stauffenberg's wife, Nina, had gone to Lautlingen with the children. When Stauffenberg tried to reach her in Lautlingen on the night of July 19, the phone lines were down because of the bombs that had fallen.

The next morning, at 7:00 a.m., Schweitzer took Claus von Stauffenberg and his brother Berthold, who wanted to accompany him to the airfield, to Rangsdorf. Haeften and Stieff were already waiting here. Due to fog, the liaison plane did not take off until around 8:00 a.m. and landed in Rastenburg at 10:15 a.m..

The plans for "Valkyrie" were made and the appeal to the people and the Wehrmacht was written. It is ironic that Admiral Canaris offered Adolf Hitler the plan to overthrow him under the name "Valkyrie" even before he was eliminated. Canaris's plan foresaw that in the event of an uprising by millions of foreign workers, the reserve army would take over security in Germany. Such an uprising was highly unlikely, as the foreign and forced laborers were unarmed and disorganized. But the suspicious Hitler saw danger everywhere and immediately followed Canaris's plan.

Thus, the "Valkyrie" plan became a perfect camouflage for the resistance and the basis of the internal revolution. The fact that Field Marshal Erwin Rommel now joined Hitler's circle of opponents came as a great surprise to the resistance leaders around Claus von Stauffenberg.

In January 1944, Rommel had just become Commander-in-Chief of Army Group B in the West. In France he often met two old friends: General Alexander von Falkenhausen, Military Governor of Belgium and Northern France, and General Karl Heinrich von Stulpnagel, Military Governor of France. Both have long been part of the resistance. To win over Rommel, they dragged in Rommel's friend, Dr. Karl Strölin, Mayor of Stuttgart. He had been won for the resistance movement by his colleague Dr. Goerderler.

At the end of February 1944, Strölin and Rommel met in Herrlingen, near Ulm, and had a face-to-face conversation. Strölin told Rommel: "You are the most popular and respected general abroad. You are the only one who can prevent a civil war in Germany. You must lend your name to the resistance." After some deliberation, Rommel made the decision for him. He told Strölin: "I think it is my duty to come to the aid of Germany."

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... stunde.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Oct 19, 2022 6:55 am

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Stauffenberg - fateful hour

925 grams of plastic explosives for a new Germany.

However, the main difficulties for the resistance fighters continued to lie in Berlin. Claus von Stauffenberg, the strategist, attached great importance to the timing of taking possession of the capital. Hour X was the most critical.

In a short time, news centers and broadcasting stations, the telegraph and telephone offices, the Reich Chancellery, the ministries and the SS headquarters had to be occupied. Goebbels and SS officers had to be arrested. The headquarters in Rastenburg was to be isolated so that Goring, Himmler or one of the generals like Keitel or Jodl could not seize power.

It was now 12:37 p.m. on July 20, 1944 in Rastenburg. Claus von Stauffenberg approached the map table in the Führer's headquarters and placed himself between General Korten of the Luftwaffe and Colonel Heinz Brand. He set the briefcase with the armed bomb on the floor and pushed it under the table so that it was about 1.30 meters from Hitler. Now the bomb would detonate automatically within 5 minutes.

Nobody really noticed that Stauffenberg had left the briefing. When Colonel Brand wanted to lean over the table, Stauffenberg's fat briefcase got in the way. He tried to move it with his foot, took it in his hand and placed it on the side of the solid oak base facing away from Hitler. This seemingly insignificant displacement of the briefcase containing the bomb, which probably saved Hitler from death, cost Brand his life.

Keitel looked around for Stauffenberg, who was now to address Hitler. But Stauffenberg was no longer there. The liquid detonator kept eating its way through to the explosive. Keitel later recalled that Stauffenberg had spoken to a Feldwebel in the telephone service in the antechamber, and left the room to fetch Stauffenberg in.

The Feldwebel said: Stauffenberg left the Führer's barracks in a hurry. Keitel, slightly taken aback, returned to the conference room without hesitation. General Heusinger was just finishing his report on the situation in the east: "The Russians are turning to the north west of the Düna with strong forces... If the army group isn't finally taken back now, then we'll have a catastrophe..." exactly in this one At 12:42 p.m. the bomb detonated deafeningly.

At the time, Stauffenberg was 200 meters away in General Fellgiebel's office in Bunker 88 and kept glancing nervously at his watch. Then the deafening bang. Now everyone could perceive the powerful explosion and saw the leader's barracks in smoke and flames. People were thrown into the open and debris flew through the air. Stauffenberg had no doubt that everyone must be dead or badly wounded. For Claus von Stauffenberg it was now a question of getting out of the Führer's headquarters as quickly as possible.

The guards at the checkpoints had also seen or heard the explosion and closed all exits. Stauffenberg's car was stopped. He got out and asked to speak to the officer on duty, in whose presence he pretended to be on the phone. Stauffenberg spoke briefly, put down the phone and said, "Lieutenant, I may pass."

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... stunde.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Attachments
image149.jpg
The red square is Stauffenberg's briefcase..............
1 - Hitler; 2 - Heusinger; 3 - Korten {KILLED}; 4 - Brandt {KILLED}; 5 - Bodenschatz; 6 - Waizenegger; 7 - Schmundt {KILLED}; 8 - Borgmann; 9 - Buhle; 10 - Puttkamer; 11 - Berger {KILLED}; 12 - Assmann; 13 - John von Freyend; 14 - Scherff; 15 - Voss; 16 - Gunche; 17 - Below; 18 - Fegelein; 19 - Buchholz; 20 - Buchs; 21 - Sonnleithner; 22 - Warlimont; 23 - Jodl; 24 - Keitel; 25 - Stauffenberg
image149.jpg (22.95 KiB) Viewed 590 times
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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Re: Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg

Post by tigre » Wed Oct 26, 2022 3:53 pm

Hello to all :D; more............................

Stauffenberg - fateful hour

925 grams of plastic explosives for a new Germany.

Stauffenberg had bluffed, but with success. The Lieutenant noted in the logbook: "12:44 Oberst Stauffenberg passed" and apparently instructed the next gate to let the car pass. In the third restricted area, at the last barrier, the alarm was already activated, Friesian horses and double sentinels had been deployed. Here the Oberfeldwebel Kolbe absolutely did not want to let Stauffenberg pass.

Again, Stauffenberg asked to be allowed to make calls. This phone call was also a hoax... the trick worked again. Stauffenberg and Haeftern then sped off in the car to the airfield. No alarm message had yet arrived here. The plane was ready to take off and a few minutes later he took off for Berlin with both men. Now it was just after 1:00 p.m. Claus von Stauffenberg and Haeften had to be called up non-stop for the next three hours.

As the Heinkel machine flew west, they both hoped that Fellgiebel had managed to transmit the code word "Valkyrie" to Berlin. Berlin could not be linked with radio equipment on board. So Stauffenberg had to hope that everything would go according to plan... At 3:45 p.m. the plane landed in Rangsdorf, near Berlin. Claus von Stauffenberg immediately telephoned General Olbricht, but nothing happened.

Fellgiebel had telephoned the signal shortly after 1 p.m., but the connection was poor and it was unclear in Berlin whether Hitler was dead. Stauffenberg was horrified. The wheels of the planned internal revolution stopped. At 3:45 p.m. the Berlin conspirators had done nothing.

No troops had been moved, no orders had been given to district military headquarters in other cities. It was also strange that no one had thought to occupy the radio buildings, telephone and telegraph offices. Claus von Stauffenberg's arrival at Rangsdorf airfield immediately set everyone in the know on fire.

He urged Olbrich not to wait for him to arrive at Bendlerstrasse (the trip from the airport took at least 45 minutes) but to activate "Valkyrie" immediately. After giving the first orders, Olbricht went to Fromm and told him that Fellgiebel had passed the news of Hitler's death to him. Fromm, the commander of the Reserve Army in Berlin, was at that time the most important man for the internal revolution.

But he hesitated: before deciding, he wanted definitive proof of Hitler's death. But Hitler was still alive. Without realizing it, Oberst Brand had saved his life. Hitler was visibly shaken but only slightly injured. His hair was singed, his right leg burned, his right arm temporarily paralyzed, his eardrum ruptured, and his back bruised by a falling piece of the roof.

He was barely recognizable when, on Keitel's arm, emerged from the destroyed and burning barracks with his face blackened, his hair smoking, and his pants tattered. At that time Olbricht made a fatal mistake in Berlin. He boldly picked up the phone and requested a "flash call" with Field Marshal Keitel at the "Wolfsschanze" Headquarters.

To his great surprise, Keitel responded immediately. Fromm, who was standing next to him, immediately picked up the phone. Fromm: "What's going on at HQ? There are wild rumors in Berlin." Keitel: "What's going on here? It's all good." Fromm: "I have just been informed that the Führer has been assassinated." Keitel: "That's nonsense!"

"There was an assassination attempt, but fortunately it failed. The Führer is alive and only slightly injured." From that moment on, Fromm was no longer available for overthrow, and the consequences were catastrophic. No one circulated the proclamations, the written appeals remained in the drawer. The coup plan of "Valkyrie" was diluted like honey. The wheels of internal subversion moved at a snail's pace. "Valkyrie" also fell asleep at the command of the Military District V in Stuttgart. Supposedly, only the head waiter (maitre) of the Hotel Graf Zeppelin was aware of the plans.

Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... stunde.htm (Offline)
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
http://www.vho.org/D/Staatsbriefe/Strauss9_7_8_2.html
http://www.joric.com/Conspiracy/Hoff.htm (Offline)

Cheers. Raúl M 8).
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.

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