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Stauffenberg - The Hitler Years
The generation in Military movement
Even before 1933, Claus von Stauffenberg was regarded by his comrades as a supporter of the Hitler movement. Oberstleutnant Stieff, Major Oster, Hauptmann von Treskow, Oberstleutnant Mertz von Quirnheim and Stauffenberg's cousin Oberleunant d.R. von Hofacker, all of whom were later killed in the conspiracy against Hitler, advocated the "national movement". After Hitler's appointment as Reich Chancellor, "the inner connection between the Reichswehr and the national movement" was taken for granted.
In the Stauffenberg family, as in many other families, there were supporters and opponents of the new regime at the time. Nikolaus Graf Üxküll joined the NSDAP on May 1, 1933, hoping for unity and a resurgent Germany. His sister Alexandrine, Superior of the Red Cross, also joined the party at the same time. Franz Freiherr von Stauffenberg became a "party boss" in 1937. Stauffenberg's uncle Berthold, on the other hand, cursed Hitler.
When they tried to force him to hoist the swastika banner instead of his family flag at his Schloss Greifenstein, he took revenge in his own way, had a tall fir tree felled and placed in the pig run with a tiny swastika flag.
On September 26, 1933, Claus von Stauffenberg, who had meanwhile been promoted to Oberleutnant, married Freiin Nina von Lerchenfeld in Bamberg. Despite Stauffenberg's closeness to the Nazis, he nevertheless maintained an inner distance, albeit out of pure soldierly thinking.
He did not join in the jubilation when it was ordered that the imperial eagle with a swastika be worn on uniforms in the future. He described it as "making contempt for the old cockade" and "unworthy of elevating a party badge to the national emblem of the state."
His deep friendship with Stefan George also gave cause for protest: Der Stürmer, the anti-Semitic inflammatory newspaper by Gauleiter Julius Streicher, wrote: "George's poetry is similar to Jewish Dadaism and his real name is Heinrich Abele". Stauffenberg protested publicly: "Since it is so easy for errors and indisciplines on the part of inferior Nazis to become state law, or at least to be regarded as such, it is simply high time they turned them on to themselves."
On October 6, 1936, Claus von Stauffenberg began his studies at the War Academy in Berlin. He lived with his wife and his sons Berthold and Heimeran, who were born in 1934 and 1936, at Waltharistraße 20 in Berlin-Wannsee. His brother Berthold and his wife lived nearby in Wilmersdorf, his cousin Caesar von Hofacker in Steglitz and his uncle Count Üxküll in Zehlendorf. In his uncle's house, Stauffenberg often and passionately discussed military policy with Fritz-Dietlof Graf von der Schulenburg, who was still deputy chief of police in Berlin at the time.
In addition to general staff training, Stauffenberg thought a lot about global economic issues, read English newspapers and was actually more interested in politics than in military affairs. At the end of the first year of the Academy, Claus von Stauffenberg's class undertook a general staff trip to the East Prussian battlefields of 1914/1915, Tannenberg and Gummbinnen. Still influenced by the impressions of the trip, he wrote to his friend Franz Mehnert: "The most important and obligatory memorial, the graves of German soldiers scattered all over the country". The Marienburg of the German Order of Knights: "A late but real testimony of the empire".
In early November 1937, Berthold von Stauffenberg's son Alfred was born; on December 20th there was a christening in Lautlingen, where Claus von Stauffenberg acted as godfather and gave the after-dinner speech. He spoke of the family's loyalty to the state and sovereign; With the words of his grandfather: "It doesn't matter what you do, but that you do it decently and honor your name" he underpinned his baptismal speech.
All of the Stauffenbergs tried to live up to the tradition of their family, each of the brothers in his own way. It was a family in which one was or became something. Wealth and upbringing influenced how the Stauffenbergs thought and felt. Symptoms of the change in the present also did the rest until the fateful hour of July 20, 1944. In the meantime, Berthold von Stauffenberg was working on the prey law of August 28, 1939, which was in effect throughout the war. Since then his specialty has been the law of the sea.
Sources: http://www.mahnung-gegen-rechts.de/page ... stunde.htm
Claus und Nina von Stauffenberg. Gunter Pirntke
Cheers. Raúl M
Serás lo que debas ser o no serás nada. General José de San Martín.