I was wondering if anyone had any information on these units. I know that both were created in the last months of the war, were hastidly put together and didn't last very long. Can anyone add any more information. (e.g., order of battle, units assigned, etc).
The details that I have so far on both units are listed below.
On 23 April 1945, just as the Russians were at the very gates of the Berlin, GenLt Hellmuth Reymann was relieved of his post as Commander of Fortress Berlin and appointed commander of Army Detachment Spree, which for practical purposes consisted of one understrength division (Division Jahn, a unit still in process of being formed out of Labor Service components). This force was committed to action along a 40 kilometer front facing south on either side of Berlin. His removal from Berlin was obviously ordered at the insistance of Goebbels whose initially favorable attitude toward Reymann had radically altered. When Generaloberst Heinrici, to whom Berlin was at this time subordinate, learned of the change, he ordered Reymann to remain at his post because it seemed to him foolhardy to change commanders at a time when the danger was most acute. He was not able to make his orders prevail, however, and Reymann took over command of "Armeeabteilung Spree" and, with part of this force, he was driven back to Potsdam and surrounded.
Established on January 26, 1945.
Established on January 26, 1945 in Pommerania, it marked one the last deperate attempts by the leaders of the Third Reich to turn the tide of the war. It was controlled by a headquarters (variously reported as Armeeoberkommando (AOK) Steiner, Stab z.b.V. Steiner and Panzer ArmeeOberkkommando 11) and named after its commander, Felix Steiner, and initially consisted of X SS Army Corps, III SS Panzer Corps, a weakened ad hoc Army corps and troops from Wehrkreis III together with whatever units were available, both SS and otherwise. In April of 1945, Steiner was instructed to make an attack to try and dislocate the the threatening Russian advance on Berlin. At the end of the war the Armeegruppe was located at Eberswalde, and having been virtually obliterated, consisted of hardly more than its headquarters staff. Almost to the very last moment, Hitler waited for Steiner to rescue Berlin from the Soviets and so prolong the war which in reality had been lost long before. The following divisions made up Army Group "Steiner": 4th Marine Division and those of the LVI Panzer Corps: 11 SS Panzer Division "Nordland", 18th SS Pz Gren Division, 20th Pz Gren Division "Muncheberg", Luftwaffen Ausb Division, and part of the 9th Fallsch. Jg Division.